Arash Babaei

Learn More
INTRODUCTION Coherent fluctuations of blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal have been referred to as "functional connectivity" (FC). Our aim was to systematically characterize FC of underlying neural network involved in swallowing, and to evaluate its reproducibility and modulation during rest or task performance. METHODS Activated seed regions(More)
BACKGROUND Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) lift seen on high-resolution manometry (HRM) is a possible surrogate marker of the longitudinal muscle contraction of the esophagus. Recent studies suggest that longitudinal muscle contraction of the esophagus induces LES relaxation. AIM Our goal was to determine: (i) the feasibility of prolonged ambulatory HRM(More)
A better understanding of the central control of the physiology of deglutition is necessary for devising interventions aimed at correcting pathophysiological conditions of swallowing. Positive modulation of the cortical swallowing network can have clinical ramifications in dysphagia due to central nervous system deficits. Our aim was to determine the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Current understanding is that swallow induces simultaneous inhibition of the entire esophagus followed by a sequential wave of contraction (peristalsis). We observed a pattern of luminal distension preceding contraction which suggested that inhibition may also traverses in a peristaltic fashion. Our aim is to determine the relationship between(More)
Functional MRI (fMRI) studies have demonstrated that a number of brain regions (cingulate, insula, prefrontal, and sensory/motor cortices) display blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) positive activity during swallow. Negative BOLD activations and reproducibility of these activations have not been systematically studied. The aim of our study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Manoscan(™) is one of the commonly used high-resolution manometry (HRM) systems with declared measurement accuracy of 1-2 mmHg. However, the accuracy of pressure measurements is limited by development of pressure drift (PD) throughout recording. To date, there has been no systematic investigation to identify the factors contributing to PD. The(More)
In healthy subjects, a close temporal correlation exists between contractions of the circular muscle (CM) and longitudinal muscle (LM) layers of the esophagus. Patients with nutcracker esophagus show disassociation between the peak of contractions of the CM and LM layers and the peak of contraction 1-3 s apart (Jung HY, Puckett JL, Bhalla V, Rojas-Feria M,(More)
BACKGROUND The insula plays a significant role in the interoceptive processing of visceral stimuli. We have previously shown that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients have increased insular cortex activity during esophageal stimulation, suggesting a sensitized esophago-cortical neuraxis. However, information regarding the functional connectivity(More)
BACKGROUND Intrinsic synchronous fluctuations of the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal are indicative of the underlying 'functional connectivity' (FC) and serve as a technique to study dynamics of the neuronal networks of the human brain. Earlier studies have characterized the functional connectivity of a distributed network of brain regions(More)
BACKGROUND Factors that determine the spread of gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) along the length of the esophagus are not known. We investigated if cardiovascular (CV) compressions on the esophagus may determine the spread of refluxate into the proximal esophagus. METHODS High-resolution manometry (HRM) and multi-channel intra-luminal impedance recording(More)
  • 1