Arash Babaei

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BACKGROUND Oesophageal motility, as measured by manometry, is normal in the majority of patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis (EO). However, manometry measures only the circular muscle function of the oesophagus. The goal of the present study was to assess circular and longitudinal muscle function during peristalsis in patients with EO. METHODS(More)
A better understanding of the central control of the physiology of deglutition is necessary for devising interventions aimed at correcting pathophysiological conditions of swallowing. Positive modulation of the cortical swallowing network can have clinical ramifications in dysphagia due to central nervous system deficits. Our aim was to determine the effect(More)
INTRODUCTION Coherent fluctuations of blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal have been referred to as "functional connectivity" (FC). Our aim was to systematically characterize FC of underlying neural network involved in swallowing, and to evaluate its reproducibility and modulation during rest or task performance. METHODS Activated seed regions(More)
BACKGROUND Current understanding is that swallow induces simultaneous inhibition of the entire esophagus followed by a sequential wave of contraction (peristalsis). We observed a pattern of luminal distension preceding contraction which suggested that inhibition may also traverses in a peristaltic fashion. Our aim is to determine the relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) lift seen on high-resolution manometry (HRM) is a possible surrogate marker of the longitudinal muscle contraction of the esophagus. Recent studies suggest that longitudinal muscle contraction of the esophagus induces LES relaxation. AIM Our goal was to determine: (i) the feasibility of prolonged ambulatory HRM(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Contraction of the longitudinal muscle of the esophagus may play a role in the relaxation and opening of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The goal of our study was to determine the pattern and precise temporal correlation between local longitudinal muscle contraction (LMC) of the esophagus during peristalsis and transient LES(More)
Although some studies show that the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contracts during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR), others show that it relaxes. We hypothesized that the posture of the subject and constituents of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) may determine the type of UES response during the TLESR. High-resolution manometry and(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Incompetence of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) is fundamental to the occurrence of esophagopharyngeal reflux (EPR), and development of supraesophageal manifestations of reflux disease (SERD). However, therapeutic approaches to SERD have not been directed to strengthening of the UES barrier function. Our aims were to demonstrate(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Normal responses of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and esophageal body to liquid reflux events prevent esophagopharyngeal reflux and its complications, however, abnormal responses have not been characterized. We investigated whether patients with supraesophageal reflux disease (SERD) have impaired UES and esophageal body responses to(More)
Leptin, the adipocyte derived hormone, has a pivotal role in regulating energy homeostasis and appetite. Beyond this essential role in bodyweight control, leptin also regulates the immune responses. Leptin has pro-inflammatory effects on T cell populations, shifting the T helper balance towards a TH1 phenotype, through induction of pro-inflammatory(More)