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BACKGROUND Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan parasite found worldwide and responsible for major economic losses in most classes of livestock. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep, cattle and horses in Urmia, north-west of Iran, using MAT. METHODS Blood samples of 276 livestock and 26 horses were(More)
BACKGROUND Parental substance abuse confronts children with a variety of psychological, social, and behavioral problems. Children of substance abusing parents show higher levels of psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression and exert lower levels of communication skills. Weak social skills in this group of adolescents put them at a higher risk(More)
BACKGROUND Studies over the past two decades have shown that various personality traits of substance-dependent men measure differently than compared to normal individuals. However fewer studies have addressed the role of identity as an influential factor in the onset and continuation of drug dependency. METHODS The objective of this study was to compare(More)
Introduction: Disruptive behaviors cause many problems in the workplace, especially in the emergency department (ED).This study was conducted to assess the physician's and nurse's perspective toward disruptive behaviors in the emergency department. Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 45 physicians and 110 nurses working in the emergency(More)
Pregnancy adds many sources of concerns to women's daily life worries. Excessive worry can affect maternal physiological and psychological state that influences the pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this study was to validate the Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS) in a sample of Iranian pregnant women. After translation of the CWS, ten experts evaluated the items and(More)
PURPOSE To determine the sensitivity and specificity of anterior and posterior corneal elevation parameters as determined by Orbscan II (Bausch and Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA) in discriminating between (sub) clinical keratoconus (KCN) and normal corneas. METHODS This prospective case-control study included 28 eyes with subclinical KCN, 65 with clinical KCN(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES There are conflicting data on the effects of fasting in Ramadan in Muslim countries on Lipid profile. We aimed to evaluate the effect of fasting on lipid profiles and some ratios which are strong for predicting cardiovascular disease. METHODS This prospective observational study was done in Iran in 2012. Forty three persons were(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between anthropometric indices and the age of menarche in female students of Sabzevar, Iran. METHODS The cross-sectional study was conducted in Sabzevar, Iran, from April to September 2010, and involved girls of 11-18 years of age. The required sample size for analysing the relationship between menarche age and Body(More)
Background: The effects of glucose–insulin–potassium in the treatment of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction are controversial. We aimed to evaluate the effect of this solution on ST segment resolution which is an early noninvasive marker of coronary reperfusion. randomized clinical trial enrolled 74 patients who had myocardial infarction that was(More)
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