Arafat Tfayli

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Breast cancer is a major health care problem that affects more than one million women yearly. While it is traditionally thought of as a disease of the industrialized world, around 45% of breast cancer cases and 55% of breast cancer deaths occur in low and middle income countries. Managing breast cancer in low income countries poses a different set of(More)
BACKGROUND Phyllodes tumors (PTs) represent uncommon fibroepithelial lesions of the breast that express c-Kit and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha, similar to gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). 'Activating' mutations in these genes underlie responsiveness of GISTs to imatinib. Standard treatment for breast PTs is wide local excision, with(More)
Changes in the activity of drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) are potentially associated with cancer risk. This relationship is attributed to their involvement in the bioactivation of multiple procarcinogens or the metabolism of multiple substrates including an array of xenobiotics and environmental carcinogens. 326 Lebanese women of whom 99 were cancer free(More)
Tamoxifen is the standard-of-care treatment for estrogen receptor-positive premenopausal breast cancer. We examined tamoxifen metabolism via blood metabolite concentrations and germline variations of CYP3A5, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 in 587 premenopausal patients (Asians, Middle Eastern Arabs, Caucasian-UK; median age 39 years) and clinical outcome in 306(More)
PURPOSE Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women in Lebanon and in Arab countries, with 50% of cases presenting before the age of 50 years. METHODS Between 2009 and 2012, 250 Lebanese women with breast cancer who were considered to be at high risk of carrying BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations because of presentation at young age and/or positive(More)
Relative to western populations, the percentage of women diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age in Lebanon is high. While the younger age of the Lebanese population compared to the West certainly contributes to this difference, potential genetic, reproductive and/or biological factors likely play an important role. The objective of this study is to(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer patients are increasingly seeking Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) therapies with the hope of alleviating the burden of the disease and improving their quality of life (QOL). The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, types, socio-demographic and disease-related correlates as well as characteristics of CAM(More)
Imatinib mesylate is a receptor kinase inhibitor approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of malignant metastatic and/or unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumors and chronic myelogenous leukemia. Although imatinib is generally well tolerated, certain adverse drug reactions are common. These include gastrointestinal side-effects(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure the frequency of three CYP2B6 [CYP2B6*4 (rs2279343), CYP2B6*5 (rs3211371) and CYP2B6*9 (rs3745274)] alleles in patients with breast cancer receiving cyclophosphamide (CP) therapy and test whether these variants are predictors of CP-associated toxicity and efficacy. A total of 145 female breast cancer patients(More)
Introduction Clostridium Ramosum is an intestinal anaerobe fi rst isolated from a patient with pulmonary gangrene and appendicitis by Veilon and Zuber in 1898.1 It is usually present in normal fecal fl ora of man but has been found in association with osteomyelitis, liver abscess, mastoiditis, otitis, cerebellar and lung abscesses.2,3,4,5 This is the fi rst(More)