Learn More
BACKGROUND In utero ethanol exposure causes abnormal fetal brain development that may partly be due to enhanced cell death. The mechanisms underlying this remain to be defined, but ethanol-induced oxidative stress may play a role. The following studies investigated the effects of short-term in utero ethanol exposure on fetal brain mitochondrial events that(More)
OBJECTIVE Apolipoprotein(B) [apo(B)] reflects the total mass of atherogenic particles (VLDL, IDL, and LDL), and its increase is associated with cardiovascular disease independently of LDL cholesterol (LDLc) levels. Apo(B) determination has been recently standardized, but attention to regional reference limits is advisable. Our aim was to analyze the(More)
An epidemiological cohort study of Enteromyxum scophthalmi in cultured turbot was performed on a farm in North Western Spain. Four different ongrowing stocks (A, B, C, D) were monitored monthly until market size. Fish from stocks C and D were divided into 2 subgroups, receiving filtered (CF and DF) or unfiltered (CUF and DUF) water. The lack of water(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal fat (both visceral and subcutaneous) accumulation is associated with an increased risk of developing insulin resistance. The latter stands as the basis upon which diabetes, hypertension, and atherogenic dyslipidemia tend to build up. Hence, abdominal liposuction (AL) could theoretically hold metabolic benefits. We undertook the present(More)
Fetal ethanol (E) exposure has well documented deleterious effects on brain development, yet it is uncertain if the neurotoxicity of maternal E consumption is generated by E itself, by its primary metabolite acetaldehyde (AcHO), or both. The current studies present evidence that homogenates of immature rat brains can generate AcHO via a catalase(More)
Small dense LDL particles (B phenotype) are considered to be more atherogenic than large buoyant LDL particles. The influence of glycemic control on LDL particle size and density is still under debate. The aim of this study was to determine LDL subfraction phenotype in both IDDM and NIDDM patients in poor glycemic control compared with that of respective(More)
The angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT(1)) exerts a variety of its signaling and cellular actions through its effects on protein phosphorylation. Phosphoproteomic analysis of angiotensin (Ang) II-stimulated aortic smooth muscle cells revealed that heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) represents a major protein phosphorylation target of the AT(1) signaling pathway.(More)
The effect of insulin therapy on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidizability, proportion of electronegative LDL [LDL(-)] and LDL composition was studied in 33 type 2 diabetic patients. Before glycemic control improvement, type 2 diabetic subjects presented higher triglyceride and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and lower high-density lipoprotein(More)
To evaluate the effect of physical exercise on blood pressure, the lipid profile, lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) modifications in untrained diabetics, 27 diabetic patients (14 type 1 and 13 type 2) under acceptable and stable glycemic control were studied before and after a supervised 3-month physical exercise program.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess abnormalities in thoracoabdominal pattern of breathing (TAPB) in neuromuscular disorders during spontaneous breathing, intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) with and without abdominal (AB) binder, and immediately after IPPV. DESIGN Repeated measures design: Pre-IPPV spontaneous breathing, IPPV, IPPV with AB binder,(More)