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Use of the anticancer antibiotic doxorubicin continues to be limited by its cumulative dose-related cardiotoxicity. Our study reports inhibition of myocardial intracellular calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) activity by clinically relevant concentrations of the drug. The effect was first shown in vitro using suspensions of freshly isolated rat(More)
Using hemoglobin modified by pyridoxal 5'-phosphate as substrate, a trypsin inhibitor from bovine brain was purified by extraction at pH 4.5, ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex A-50, gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 and isoelectric focusing. On a column of Sephadex G-100 the inhibitor exhibited a molecular mass of 78 kDa. The iso-electric point of(More)
In a continuing study of the physiological role of protein breakdown in the hypothalamus, acid proteinase from bovine hypothalamus was purified about 1000-fold. The molecular weight of the enzyme was approximately 50,000. Masimal activity against hemoglobin was obtained at pH 3.2-3.5; serum albumin was split much more slowly. Hypothalamus acid proteinase(More)
Two cystatins were purified from tissue extract of bovine brain by alkaline treatment, acetone fractionation, gel chromatography on Sephadex G-75, and affinity chromatography on S-carboxymethyl-papain-Sepharose. One of the inhibitors had a relatively high molecular mass, 25 kDa (HMM-cystatin) with pI 4.7, and the other, 11 kDa (LMM-cystatin) with pI 5.23.(More)
The objective of the present study was to directly visualize ectopic activity associated with ischemia-reperfusion and its progression to arrhythmia. To accomplish this goal, we employed a two-dimensional network of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and a recently developed model of localized ischemia-reperfusion. Washout of the ischemia-like solution resulted in(More)
We developed a new experimental approach to study the effects of local injury in a multicellular preparation and tested the ability of the method to induce reperfusion arrhythmias in cardiomyocyte monolayers. A small region of injury was created using geometrically defined flows of control and ischemia-like solutions. Calcium transients were acquired(More)
A sensitive and convenient method of endopeptidase assay using as substrate globin modified with pyridoxal-5-phosphate was used for determination of acid proteinases in bovine hypothalamus separated by isoelectric focusing. The soluble protein fraction of hypothalamus upon elution from Sephadex gave five peaks of proteinase activity at pH 3.2. The(More)
Synaptosomes purified from spinal cord and from different rat brain areas exhibit peptide hydrolase activity, cleaving substance P (SP), bradykinin, THRH, LHRH, and neurotensin. The lowest activity for all the peptides tested was found in spinal cord, while the region with the highest degrading activity depended on the substrate: for substance P, it was(More)
By using both experimental and theoretical means, we have addressed the progression of ectopic activity from individual cardiac cells to a multicellular two-dimensional network. Experimental conditions that favor ectopic activity have been created by local perfusion of a small area of cardiomyocyte network (I-zone) with an isoproterenol-heptanol containing(More)