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Visible light LEDs, due to their numerous advantages, are expected to become the dominant indoor lighting technology. These lights can also be switched ON/OFF at high frequency, enabling their additional use for wireless communication and indoor positioning. In this article, visible LED light--based indoor positioning systems are surveyed and classified(More)
The smart grid is an important hub of interdisciplinary research where researchers from different areas of science and technology combine their efforts to enhance the traditional electrical power grid. Due to these efforts, the traditional electrical grid is now evolving. The envisioned smart grid will bring social, environmental, ethical, legal and(More)
Recently, the use of LED-based visible light communication (VLC) for short-range and low data rate applications has become an area of great interest for research and development communities. LED-based VLC systems consume less power and offer more secure communication link when compared with other wireless technologies. This article introduces the use of(More)
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