Apurva A. Motivala

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Antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents are essential for the management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). These pharmacologic agents have the potential for increased risk of bleeding. It is not clear if the increased uptake of these therapies has resulted in a clinically evident increase in bleeding complications over time. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Despite improved secondary prevention efforts, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) recurrence among patients with prior history of coronary events remains high. The differences in presentation, management, and subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with and without a prior myocardial infarction (MI) and presenting with another episode of ACS remain(More)
BACKGROUND Transient ischemic dilation (TID) in the setting of an abnormal SPECT radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) study is considered a marker of severe and extensive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the clinical significance of TID and its association with CAD in patients with an otherwise normal MPI study is unclear. METHODS From a(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are valuable agents for the treatment of hypertension, heart failure, and other cardiovascular and renal diseases. The cardioprotective effects of ACE inhibitors are mediated by blockade of both conversion of angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II and kinin hydrolysis. Here, we report a novel mechanism that(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine whether overweight or obese status is independently associated with myocardial flow reserve (MFR), an established predictor of cardiovascular mortality, in a group of postmenopausal women with no previous cardiovascular disease. Postmenopausal women are the largest group of overweight and physically inactive(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this analysis were to determine: 1) whether guideline-based care during hospitalization for a myocardial infarction (MI) varied as a function of patients' baseline risk; and 2) whether temporal improvements in guideline adherence occurred in all risk groups. BACKGROUND Guideline-based care of patients with MI improves outcomes,(More)
Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have a poor short- and long-term prognosis. We sought to examine the presence of established coronary risk factors in contemporary patients presenting with an ACS for the first time and no known coronary artery disease (CAD) in the past. The study was conducted in 3171 consecutive patients admitted with the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review article aims to summarize the findings of the most relevant research that compared the use of paclitaxel vs. "limus" based drug eluting stent (DES) in diabetic patients and to define the current state of knowledge with new stent technologies in this patient population. RECENT FINDINGS Since drug eluting stents (DES) were(More)
The use of combined estrogen/progesterone has been shown to result in an increased cardiovascular risk in randomised double-blinded trials. However, these studies used oral progestogen (progestin) preparations, which lack anti-mineralocorticoid activity and have suboptimal anti-androgenic activity compared with progesterone. Drospirenone is a unique(More)
Left ventricular outflow tract pseudoaneurysm is an uncommon complication following aortic valve replacement (AVR), occurring most frequently secondary to endocarditis. We present a case of a 47-year-old female with a history of intravenous drug abuse and a past surgical history of two AVRs (2001 and 2009 with aortic root replacement for endocarditis) who(More)