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Immunological synapses are specialized intercellular contacts formed by several types of immune cells in contact with target cells or antigen-presenting cells. A late-stage immune synapse is commonly a bulls-eye pattern of immune cell receptor-ligand pairs surrounded by integrin complexes. Based on crystal structures, the intermembrane distance would be ∼15… (More)
A new working principle for detecting inorganic cation binding by water-soluble calixarenes involves the displacement of a fluorescent azoalkane as guest. Fluorescence regeneration is observed for various metal ions, and binding of monovalent cations (alkali and ammonium) to p-sulfonatocalixarene is detected and quantified for the first time.
The pD dependence of the complexation of p-sulfonatocalixarene (CX4) with the azoalkanes 2,3-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene (1), 2,3-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-2-ene (2), 2,3-diazabicyclo[2.2.3]non-2-ene (3), and 1-methyl-4-isopropyl-2,3-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-2-ene (4) in D(2)O has been studied. The pD-dependent binding constants, determined by (1)H NMR… (More)
The stereochemistry at C2 and C3 carbons controls the partitioning of triplet 1,4-biradicals of ketones 2 among various pathways. Differences in the major reaction pathways, for example, cyclization (syn) and fragmentation (anti), adopted by the diastereomeric 1,4-radicals of ketones 2 have permitted unprecedented diastereomeric discrimination in their… (More)
The diastereomers of ketones 2 and 3 are shown to exhibit distinct photochemical reactivities due to conformational preferences; while the anti isomers of 2 and 3 undergo efficient Yang cyclization in 75-90% yields with a remarkable diastereoselectivity (> 90%), the syn isomers predominantly undergo Norrish Type II elimination. The differences in the… (More)
Host-guest complexation of mono and dicationic quinine with cucurbituril (CB7), a water-soluble macrocyclic host molecule, has been investigated. Job's plot, time-resolved anisotropy as well as concentration dependent NMR titration confirm the binding of two CB7 macrocycles with one quinine molecule. The binding affinity of dicationic quinine with CB7 is… (More)
Fluorescent nanoparticles have enabled many discoveries regarding how molecular machines function. Quantum dots have been the dominant class of fluorescent nanoparticles but suffer from blinking and from a substantial dark fraction--particles where the fluorescence is never seen--complicating any analysis of biological function. Nanoparticles composed of… (More)
Enzymes are biological catalysts that can vastly accelerate the reaction rate of a substrate by accommodating it within the active site. The local environment provided by the active site of a natural catalyst causes a significant rate-enhancement of the reaction as compared to that without catalyst. The solvolysis reaction of a… (More)
The effect of micellar environment on the excited state proton transfer (ESPT) of 2-(2'-pyridyl)benzimidazole (2PBI) has been investigated by steady state and time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The ESPT, which occurs to a rather small extent at pH 7, is found to be enhanced remarkably at the interface of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles and… (More)
Solvent specific intramolecular electronic communication truncated optical behaviour, and white light emission with a CIE chromaticity index of (0.33, 0.33) using only a single component via non-covalent nano-assembly of alkyne-phenanthrene conjugated perylenemonoimide (PMIAP) are demonstrated.