Apsara Kandanearatchi

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The devastating effects of HIV infection have been documented for the last 2 decades. Since the 1980s over 60 million people have been infected and at present 40 million people globally are living with HIV. HIV infects the central nervous system (CNS) early in the disease process. Indeed, numerous studies document the presence of HIV within the(More)
Schizophrenia is associated with a number of pathological changes, including alterations in levels of specific proteins. Calprotectin is a novel 36 kDa calcium-binding protein of the S100 family and appears to be a nonspecific marker of inflammation. Calprotectin has not previously been investigated in brain tissue. Samples of post-mortem brain tissue from(More)
In the rodent forebrain GABAergic neurons are generated from progenitor cells that express the transcription factors Dlx1 and Dlx2. The Rap-1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, MR-GEF, is turned on by many of these developing GABAergic neurons. Expression of both Dlx1/2 and MR-GEF is retained in both adult mouse and human forebrain where, in human,(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of the brain is associated pathologically with neuronal damage and loss. Clinically cognitive impairments can develop, which in some can be improved by highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), whereas in others, the infection persists despite treatment. The efficacy of antiretrovirals to treat cognitive(More)
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