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The elbow is a complex, highly constrained joint that provides critical range of motion to the upper extremity needed for performing the normal activities of daily living. The elbow is protected by a fortress of individual static and dynamic constraints that function together to provide stability. Knowing the identity and specific functions of each(More)
BACKGROUND Results of shoulder arthroplasty have been reported to be inferior with posterior glenoid wear and accompanying subluxation of the humeral head. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of posterior glenoid wear on posterior subluxation of the humeral head. MATERIAL AND METHODS A custom loading device was used to simulate physiologic(More)
The use of shoulder ultrasound as an imaging modality has recently gained widespread attention; however, the ability of ultrasound to diagnose long head of the biceps tendon pathology accurately still remains unclear. The biceps tendons in 71 patients were prospectively evaluated by comparison of standard ultrasonographic and arthroscopic examinations.(More)
HYPOTHESIS Glenoid orientation likely plays an important role in shoulder mechanics and has been associated with glenohumeral instability, rotator cuff tears, and total shoulder arthroplasty outcome. Glenoid version and inclination measurements are widely used, but these measurements are 2-dimensional, and orientation of the central face must be inferred(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of the central portion of the anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) to elbow stability and to evaluate the effectiveness of a single-strand MCL reconstruction in restoring elbow stability. Testing of 11 fresh-frozen upper extremities was first performed on the intact elbow and(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate analysis of osseous glenoid morphology is important in treating glenohumeral arthritis and instability. Two-dimensional computed tomography scans are used to evaluate glenoid alignment. Accuracy of this method is dependent on the angle of axial reconstruction in relation to the position of the scapula. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND The anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (AMCL) of the elbow has been shown to be the most important valgus stabilizer of the elbow. However, the isometry of this band has not been quantified. HYPOTHESIS Isometric fibers exist within the AMCL, and these fibers are located within its central region. STUDY DESIGN Controlled(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contribution of muscle activity and the effect of forearm position on the stability of the medial collateral ligament (MCL)-deficient elbow. Simulated active and passive elbow flexion with the forearm in both supination and pronation was performed using a custom elbow testing apparatus. Testing was(More)
HYPOTHESIS There is concern regarding the accuracy of 2-dimensional (2D) computed tomography (CT) for measuring glenoid version. Three-dimensional (3D) CT scan reconstructions can properly orient the glenoid to the plane of the scapula and have been reported to accurately measure glenoid version in cadaver models. We hypothesized that glenoid version(More)
Patellar shift, tilt, and rotation were analyzed in 7 cadaveric knee specimens during simulated quadriceps loading, in the intact knee, and after implant reconstruction. Femoral component medialization, lateralization, and external rotation were also investigated. Relative motion of the patella with respect to the femur was measured using an electromagnetic(More)