April D Armstrong

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The purpose of this study was to examine intratester, intertester, and interdevice reliability of range of motion measurements of the elbow and forearm. Elbow flexion and extension and forearm pronation and supination were measured on 38 subjects with elbow, forearm, or wrist disease by 5 testers. Standardized test methods and a randomized order of testing(More)
The elbow is a complex, highly constrained joint that provides critical range of motion to the upper extremity needed for performing the normal activities of daily living. The elbow is protected by a fortress of individual static and dynamic constraints that function together to provide stability. Knowing the identity and specific functions of each(More)
BACKGROUND The anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (AMCL) of the elbow has been shown to be the most important valgus stabilizer of the elbow. However, the isometry of this band has not been quantified. HYPOTHESIS Isometric fibers exist within the AMCL, and these fibers are located within its central region. STUDY DESIGN Controlled(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of the central portion of the anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) to elbow stability and to evaluate the effectiveness of a single-strand MCL reconstruction in restoring elbow stability. Testing of 11 fresh-frozen upper extremities was first performed on the intact elbow and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contribution of muscle activity and the effect of forearm position on the stability of the medial collateral ligament (MCL)-deficient elbow. Simulated active and passive elbow flexion with the forearm in both supination and pronation was performed using a custom elbow testing apparatus. Testing was(More)
The initial strength of the intact medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the elbow and the strength of 4 reconstruction techniques were compared. Twenty cadaveric upper extremities were mounted in a custom jig with the elbow at 90 degrees , and a pneumatic cyclic valgus loading protocol was used. The mean peak load to failure was 142.5+/-39.4 N for the intact(More)
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