April A Cox

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AIM Profiling the efficacy and pharmacodynamic activity of the kinesin spindle protein (KSP) inhibitor ARRY-520 will aid the identification of responsive tumor types and pharmacodynamic profiles that correlate with activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS In vivo activity was evaluated in a diverse panel of 16 different tumor xenograft models. Pharmacodynamic(More)
G-protein coupled receptor kinase-5 (GRK5) deficiency has been linked to early Alzheimer's disease in humans and mouse models of the disease. To determine potential roles of GRK5 in the disease pathogenesis, the GRK5 knockout mouse was evaluated at pathological and behavioral levels. We found that these mice displayed an age-dependent increase in(More)
A hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is the brain deposition of amyloid beta (Aβ), a peptide of 36-43 amino acids that is likely a primary driver of neurodegeneration. Aβ is produced by the sequential cleavage of APP by BACE1 and γ-secretase; therefore, inhibition of BACE1 represents an attractive therapeutic target to slow or prevent Alzheimer's disease.(More)
An association between major surgery in the elderly and precipitation of Alzheimer's disease has been reported. As 100% oxygen (hyperoxia) is commonly administered after surgery, we exposed cognitively unimpaired Alzheimer's transgenic mice to hyperoxia typical of human exposure in a hospital setting. Three-hour hyperoxia treatments to young adult(More)
A liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and applied for the determination of human Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 peptides in transgenic mouse plasma to support preclinical pharmacodynamics studies. The method consisted of micro-elution solid phase extraction for sample preparation and LC-MS/MS analysis in the negative ion mode(More)
The in silico construction of a PDGFRβ kinase homology model and ensuing medicinal chemistry guided by molecular modeling, led to the identification of potent, small molecule inhibitors of PDGFR. Subsequent exploration of structure-activity relationships (SAR) led to the incorporation of a constrained secondary amine to enhance selectivity. Further(More)
In an attempt to increase selectivity vs Cathepsin D (CatD) in our BACE1 program, a series of 1,3,4,4a,10,10a-hexahydropyrano[4,3-b]chromene analogues was developed. Three different Asp-binding moieties were examined: spirocyclic acyl guanidines, aminooxazolines, and aminothiazolines in order to modulate potency, selectivity, efflux, and permeability. Using(More)
A series of 2,3,4,4a,10,10a-hexahydropyrano[3,2-b]chromene analogs was developed that demonstrated high selectivity (>2000-fold) for BACE1 vs Cathepsin D (CatD). Three different Asp-binding moieties were examined: spirocyclic acyl guanidines, aminooxazolines, and aminothiazolines in order to modulate potency, selectivity, efflux, and permeability. Guided by(More)
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