Apostolos Polykratis

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Atherosclerosis is a progressive disorder of the arterial wall and the underlying cause of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke. Today, atherosclerosis is recognized as a complex disease with a strong inflammatory component. The nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway regulates inflammatory responses and has been implicated in(More)
Necroptosis has emerged as an important pathway of programmed cell death in embryonic development, tissue homeostasis, immunity and inflammation. RIPK1 is implicated in inflammatory and cell death signalling and its kinase activity is believed to drive RIPK3-mediated necroptosis. Here we show that kinase-independent scaffolding RIPK1 functions regulate(More)
HARP (heparin affin regulatory peptide) is a growth factor displaying high affinity for heparin. In the present work, we studied the ability of human recombinant HARP as well as its two terminal peptides (HARP residues 1-21 and residues 121-139) to promote angiogenesis. HARP stimulates endothelial cell tube formation on matrigel, collagen and fibrin gels,(More)
The serine/threonine kinase RIPK1 is recruited to TNFR1 to mediate proinflammatory signaling and to regulate TNF-induced cell death. A RIPK1 deficiency results in perinatal lethality, impaired NFκB and MAPK signaling, and sensitivity to TNF-induced apoptosis. Chemical inhibitor and in vitro-reconstitution studies suggested that RIPK1 displays distinct(More)
Macrophages are a crucial component of the innate immune system in sensing pathogens and promoting local and systemic inflammation. RIPK1 and RIPK3 are homologous kinases, previously linked to activation of necroptotic death. In this study, we have described roles for these kinases as master regulators of pro-inflammatory gene expression induced by(More)
Receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) is recruited to the TNF receptor 1 to mediate proinflammatory signaling and to regulate TNF-induced cell death. RIPK1 deficiency results in postnatal lethality, but precisely why Ripk1(-/-) mice die remains unclear. To identify the lineages and cell types that depend on RIPK1 for survival, we(More)
HARP (Heparin Affin Regulatory Peptide) is a 18-kDa secreted protein displaying high affinity for heparin. It has neurite outgrowth-promoting activity, while there are conflicting results regarding its mitogenic activity. In the present work, we studied the effect of human recombinant HARP expressed in bacterial cells as well as two peptides (HARP residues(More)
IκB kinase/nuclear [corrected] factor κB (IKK/NF-κB) signaling exhibits important yet opposing functions in hepatocarcinogenesis. Mice lacking NEMO in liver parenchymal cells (LPC) spontaneously develop steatohepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) suggesting that NF-κB prevents liver disease and cancer. Here, we show that complete NF-κB inhibition by(More)
Receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) regulates cell death and inflammation through kinase-dependent and -independent functions. RIPK1 kinase activity induces caspase-8-dependent apoptosis and RIPK3 and mixed lineage kinase like (MLKL)-dependent necroptosis. In addition, RIPK1 inhibits apoptosis and necroptosis through kinase-independent functions,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies implicated Toll-like receptor signaling as a critical pathogenic pathway in atherosclerosis, but the cell-specific mechanisms by which Toll-like receptors act to control atherosclerotic plaque development remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS To study the cell-specific role of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated(More)