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AIMS The aim of this study was to determine whether intermittent ambulatory treatment with levosimendan would improve functional capacity, quality of life, and event-free survival in patients with advanced heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, parallel-group trial of pulsed(More)
BACKGROUND The intravenous inodilator levosimendan was developed for the treatment of patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. In the last decade scientific and clinical interest has arisen for its repetitive or intermittent use in patients with advanced chronic, but not necessarily acutely decompensated, heart failure. Recent studies have(More)
Anthracyclines have contributed to a marked increase in survival in different types of cancer [1,2]. Unfortunately, they are associated with dose-dependent cardiotoxicity and heart failure (HF) [3–8]. Change to a weekly dosage schedule with slow infusions has been tested, a strategy that requires more frequent hospital visits and increased storage(More)
BACKGROUND Functional electrical stimulation (FES) improves exercise capacity, quality of life, emotional stress, and endothelial function in chronic heart failure with impaired systolic function. We sought to investigate the effects of FES on the above parameters in patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHODS Thirty HFpEF patients, 18(More)
This study compared the cost-effectiveness of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) and electrocardiographic exercise testing (EET) implemented in emergency department accelerated diagnostic protocols for the early stratification of low-risk patients presenting with acute chest pain (ACP). One hundred ninety-nine patients with ACP,(More)
Invasive hemodynamic monitoring with Swan-Ganz catheterization to guide treatment decisions in heart failure may be hazardous and may lack prognostic value. We assessed the clinical utility of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in estimating left ventricular filling pressures in patients with inconclusive tissue Doppler indexes. In this study, 50 patients(More)
AIM Endothelial activation and dysfunction may be an important contributor to chronic heart failure (CHF) progression. We sought to investigate whether the calcium sensitizer levosimendan affects beneficially endothelial function and attenuates the deleterious effects of soluble adhesion molecules in patients with advanced CHF. METHODS Twenty-six advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) are critical regulators of bone remodeling and RANKL/RANK signaling could also play an important role in the remodeling process of several tissues, such as myocardium. Therefore, we investigated whether the serum concentrations of OPG and RANKL correlate with(More)
End of life is an unfortunate but inevitable phase of the heart failure patients' journey. It is often preceded by a stage in the progression of heart failure defined as advanced heart failure, and characterised by poor quality of life and frequent hospitalisations. In clinical practice, the efficacy of treatments for advanced heart failure is often(More)