Apostolos G. Vagenakis

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UNLABELLED Parathyroid scintigraphy and high-resolution ultrasonography are frequently used as preoperative localization procedures in primary hyperparathyroidism. However, when thyroid disease coexists, their diagnostic accuracy is probably abated. DESIGN 56 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were prospectively evaluated with parathyroid(More)
Insulin resistance and loss of glucose-stimulated acute insulin response (AIR) are the two major and earliest defects in the course of type 2 diabetes. We investigated whether weight loss after bariatric surgery in patients with morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes could restore euglycemia and normal AIR to an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT). We(More)
Iodine is an essential element for thyroid hormone synthesis. The thyroid gland has the capacity and holds the machinery to handle the iodine efficiently when the availability of iodine becomes scarce, as well as when iodine is available in excessive quantities. The latter situation is handled by the thyroid by acutely inhibiting the organification of(More)
Morbidly obese subjects may present with abnormal thyroid function tests but the reported data are scarce. Therefore, we studied the thyroid parameters in 144 morbidly obese patients, 110 females and 34 males, to assess the prevalence of hypothyroidism. Eleven percent (11.8%) carried the diagnosis of hypothyroidism and were undergoing levothyroxine (LT4)(More)
We studied 262 athletes who were 13-23 yr old. There were 93 male and 169 female artistic gymnasts (AG). This study is unique in character, because all variables were measured on the field of competition (24th European Championship). Male AG had a higher height SD score than female (P < 0.001), with a higher reported target height SD score (P < 0.001), a(More)
This study assessed the information needs of Greek cancer patients and examined whether awareness of diagnosis had any impact on patients. One hundred patients were interviewed about overall and specific information needs, satisfaction, emotional distress, and quality of life. Patients exhibited a great desire for information overall. The need to have more(More)
The neonatal screening program for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Greece shows an overall incidence of the disease of 1:2321. The cases with permanent CH have an incidence of 1:2542, whereas the transient forms of CH account for 8.7% of all cases diagnosed as CH. Transplacental passage of maternal thyrotropin receptor-blocking antibodies is a rare cause(More)
To evaluate the effect of starvation, oral and i.v. nutriments, and hypothyroidism on the peripheral conversion of thyroxine (T4) to 3,3', 5-triiodothyronine (T3) in the rat and mouse, an in vitro system for assessing T4 conversion to T3 by fresh liver homogenates was used. A 2-day starvation in the rat reduced hepatic T3 generation from T4 by 47% +/- 3.5%(More)