Apiradee Hongsthong

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In the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis, the desaturation process is carried out by three desaturases: the Δ9, Δ12 and Δ6 desaturases, encoded by desC, desA and desD, respectively. The Δ6 desaturase is responsible for the catalysis of linoleic acid, yielding γ-linolenic acid (18:3Δ9,12,6), the end-product of the process. In this study, the desD gene was(More)
Spirulina is distinguished from other cyanobacteria by its spiral morphology; however, this cyanobacterium has frequently been observed with a linear morphology in laboratory and industrial conditions. In our laboratory conditions, the simultaneously presence of the linear and spiral forms has also been observed. In the present study, the two forms of S.(More)
This study addresses the importance of a heat-shock-responsive cis-acting DNA element and its transcriptional regulator, which play key roles in the regulation of the Spirulina-desD gene on exposure to high temperatures. Temperature response analysis studies showed that the AT-rich region that is located between nt -98 to -80 of the Spirulina-desD gene(More)
Spirulina-acyl-lipid desaturases are membrane-bound enzymes found in thylakoid and plasma membranes. These enzymes carry out the fatty acid desaturation process of Spirulina to yield γ-linolenic acid (GLA) as the final desaturation product. In this study, Spirulina-Δ6 desaturase encoded by the desD gene was heterologously expressed and characterized in(More)
Spirulina-acyl-lipid desaturases are integral membrane proteins found in thylakoid and plasma membranes. These enzymes catalyze the fatty acid desaturation process of Spirulina to yield γ-linolenic acid (GLA) as the final desaturation product. It has been reported that the cyanobacterial desaturases use ferredoxin as an electron donor, whereas the(More)
In cyanobacteria, the elevation of unsaturated fatty acid levels in membrane lipids has been shown to play a major role in the response to temperature change. The cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis strain C1 contains three desaturases--delta9, delta12 and delta6 desaturases--which are encoded by desC, desA and desD, respectively. In light of the above, a(More)
Changes in gene expression play a critical role in enhancing the ability of cyanobacteria to survive under cold conditions. In the present study, Spirulina platensis cultures were grown at the optimal growth temperature, in the light, before being transferred to dark conditions at 22 degrees C. Two dimensional-differential gel electrophoresis was then(More)
Arthrospira platensis is a cyanobacterium that is extensively cultivated outdoors on a large commercial scale for consumption as a food for humans and animals. It can be grown in monoculture under highly alkaline conditions, making it attractive for industrial production. Here we describe the complete genome sequence of A. platensis C1 strain and its(More)
The present study addresses the differential expression of Spirulina platensis proteins detected during cold-induced stress, analyzed at the subcellular level. In performing differential expression analysis, the results revealed upregulated proteins in every subcellular fraction, including two-component response systems, DNA repair, molecular chaperones,(More)
The present study examined the changes in protein expression in Spirulina platensis upon exposure to high temperature, with the changes in expression analyzed at the subcellular level. In addition, the transcriptional expression level of some differentially expressed proteins, the expression pattern clustering, and the protein-protein interaction network(More)