Apinya Thiantanawat

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Aromatase inhibitors have recently been reported to be more effective than the antiestrogen tamoxifen (Tam) in treating breast cancer. Here, we studied the mechanisms and signaling pathways of cell growth, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis induced by three aromatase inhibitors: letrozole (Let), anastrozole, and 4-hydroxyandrostenedione in comparison(More)
BACKGROUND The antiestrogen tamoxifen has potent activity against estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, but two nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors, letrozole and anastrozole, show considerable advantages over tamoxifen with respect to patient survival and tolerability. To determine the optimal way to use letrozole and tamoxifen, we studied their effects(More)
PURPOSE The aromatase inhibitors letrozole and anastrozole have been approvedrecently as first-line treatment options for hormone-dependent advanced breast cancer. Although it is established that a proportion of patients who relapse on first-line tamoxifen therapy show additional responses to aromatase inhibitors, it has not been determined whether tumors(More)
Two types of endocrine therapy that have been successfully applied to patients with hormone-dependent breast cancer are the non-steroidal antiestrogen tamoxifen, and inhibitors of aromatase, the enzyme that synthesizes estrogens. The major drawback with tamoxifen is that it acts as a partial estrogen-agonist and this is believed to mediate, at least in(More)
3147 Background: Most metastatic breast cancers initially respond to hormonal treatment but all become resistant to these treatments over time. The genetic events that occur during acquired resistance are unknown. To examine the gene expression changes during acquired hormonal resistance, we used a model that mimics ER positive breast cancers in the(More)
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