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Three new xanthones, mangostenol (1), mangostenone A (2), and mangostenone B (3), were isolated from the green fruit hulls of Garcinia mangostana, along with the known xanthones, trapezifolixanthone, tovophyllin B (4), alpha- and beta-mangostins, garcinone B, mangostinone, mangostanol, and the flavonoid epicatechin. The structures of the new xanthones were(More)
Three new prenylated xanthones, mangostenones C (1), D (2), and E (3), together with 16 known xanthones 4-19, were isolated from the young fruit (7-week maturity stage) of Garcinia mangostana. The structural elucidation of the new compounds was mainly established on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and HR-MS spectroscopic analysis. Compound 1 showed cytotoxic(More)
Eight amides, pellitorine (1), guineensine (2), brachystamide B (3), sarmentine (4), brachyamide B (5), 1-piperettyl pyrrolidine (6), 3',4',5'-trimethoxycinnamoyl pyrrolidine (7) and sarmentosine (8), two lignans, (+)-asarinin (9) and sesamin (10), and four other compounds, 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-1E-tetradecene (11), methyl piperate (12) and a mixture(More)
Betulinic acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid have been modified at the C-3 position to cinnamate-based esters and in vitro antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Ra has been determined. The results indicated that modification of the parent structures of betulinic acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid to the p-coumarate and, in(More)
AIM To investigate the ability of hexahydrocurcumin (HHC) to enhance 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in inhibiting the growth of HT-29 cells by focusing on cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression. METHODS Antiproliferative effects of HHC and 5-FU, alone and in combination, on growth of HT-29 human colon cancer cells were assessed using 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)(More)
From the flowers of Chromolaena odorata (Eupatorium odoratum) four flavanones, isosakuranetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavanone) (1), persicogenin (5,3'-dihydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavanone) (2), 5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavanone (3) and 4'-hydroxy-5,6,7-trimethoxyflavanone (4), two chalcones, 2'-hydroxy-4,4',5',6'-tetramethoxychalcone (5) and(More)
Investigation of the MeOH extract obtained from the root of the Ziziphus mauritiana grown in Thailand resulted in the isolation of two 14- and 13-membered cyclic alkaloids, mauritine L (1) and mauritine M (2), and three known cyclopeptide alkaloids, nummularines H (3), B (4) and hemsine A (5). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR(More)
Andrographolide, the major diterpenoid lactone from Andrographis paniculata, is toxic against cancer cells. In the present study, we investigated the structure-activity relationships (SARs) of 19 andrographolide analogues which were synthesized by modification at the three hydroxyl groups. A number of the andrographolide analogues showed much higher(More)
Prenylated xanthones, isolated from the fruit hulls and the edible arils and seeds of Garcinia mangostana, were tested for their antituberculosis potential. Alpha- and beta-mangostins and garcinone B exhibited strong inhibitory effect against Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 6.25 microg/ml. Tri- and(More)
The hypolipidemic effect of an ethyl acetate extract of the rhizome of Curcuma comosa Roxb was investigated in mice. Intragastric administration of the extract significantly decreased plasma lipid levels of both triglyceride and cholesterol but increased liver triglyceride content. Liver weight and plasma activities of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase and(More)