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Curcuma comosa Roxb. is a medicinal plant that has traditionally been used in Thailand for treatment of inflammation in postpartum uterine bleeding. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its anti-inflammatory effects using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and human pro-monocytic cell line (U937). Pretreatment with hexane or ethanol extract or(More)
Three new prenylated xanthones, mangostenones C (1), D (2), and E (3), together with 16 known xanthones 4-19, were isolated from the young fruit (7-week maturity stage) of Garcinia mangostana. The structural elucidation of the new compounds was mainly established on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and HR-MS spectroscopic analysis. Compound 1 showed cytotoxic(More)
Three new xanthones, mangostenol (1), mangostenone A (2), and mangostenone B (3), were isolated from the green fruit hulls of Garcinia mangostana, along with the known xanthones, trapezifolixanthone, tovophyllin B (4), alpha- and beta-mangostins, garcinone B, mangostinone, mangostanol, and the flavonoid epicatechin. The structures of the new xanthones were(More)
AIM To investigate the ability of hexahydrocurcumin (HHC) to enhance 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in inhibiting the growth of HT-29 cells by focusing on cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression. METHODS Antiproliferative effects of HHC and 5-FU, alone and in combination, on growth of HT-29 human colon cancer cells were assessed using 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)(More)
A new iridoid, pedunculariside, together with the known iridoid agnuside were isolated from the butanol extract of Vitex peduncularis stem bark. Both pedunculariside and agnuside showed preferential inhibition of COX-2, with IC50 values of 0.15 +/- 0.21 mg/ml and 0.026 +/- 0.015 mg/ml respectively, while having only small inhibitory effects on COX-1. Both(More)
Eight amides, pellitorine (1), guineensine (2), brachystamide B (3), sarmentine (4), brachyamide B (5), 1-piperettyl pyrrolidine (6), 3',4',5'-trimethoxycinnamoyl pyrrolidine (7) and sarmentosine (8), two lignans, (+)-asarinin (9) and sesamin (10), and four other compounds, 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-1E-tetradecene (11), methyl piperate (12) and a mixture(More)
Andrographolide, the major diterpenoid lactone from Andrographis paniculata, is toxic against cancer cells. In the present study, we investigated the structure-activity relationships (SARs) of 19 andrographolide analogues which were synthesized by modification at the three hydroxyl groups. A number of the andrographolide analogues showed much higher(More)
Betulinic acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid have been modified at the C-3 position to cinnamate-based esters and in vitro antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Ra has been determined. The results indicated that modification of the parent structures of betulinic acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid to the p-coumarate and, in(More)
A new series of mangostin analogs of natural α-mangostin from mangosteen was prepared and their antimycobacterial activity was evaluated in vitro against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Ra. The results showed that the monoalkyl tetrahydro α-mangostin analogs displayed increased antimycobacterial activity as compared with the lead natural xanthone,(More)
From the flowers of Chromolaena odorata (Eupatorium odoratum) four flavanones, isosakuranetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavanone) (1), persicogenin (5,3'-dihydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavanone) (2), 5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavanone (3) and 4'-hydroxy-5,6,7-trimethoxyflavanone (4), two chalcones, 2'-hydroxy-4,4',5',6'-tetramethoxychalcone (5) and(More)