Apichart Nontprasert

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Plasmodium vivax malaria accounts for approximately 60% of malaria cases in Kolkata, India. There has been limited information on the genotypic polymorphism of P. vivax in this malaria endemic area. Three highly polymorphic and single copy genes were selected for a study of genetic diversity in Kolkata strains. Blood from 151 patients with P. vivax(More)
The antimalarial activities of quinine, dihydroquinine (a natural impurity found in commercial pharmaceutical formulations of quinine) and 3-hydroxyquinine (the principal metabolite of quinine in humans) were tested both individually and in pairs against 5 strains of Plasmodium falciparum isolated from patients in Thailand. The median inhibitory(More)
The mechanisms leading to cerebral malaria (CM) are not completely understood. Brain edema has been suggested as having an important role in experimental CM. In this study, CBA/CaH mice were infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA blood-stage and when typical symptoms of CM developed on day 7, brain tissues were processed for electron-microscopic and(More)
The effects of equine antivenom and antithrombin III (AT-III) on the coagulopathy induced by Russell's viper venom (RVV, Daboia russelli siamensis) were investigated in the rat. After taking blood samples from the femoral vein for determination of simple blood clotting time and AT-III activity, all anaesthetized rats received an intramuscular injection of(More)
The therapeutic effects of antithrombin III (AT-III) and unrefined equine antivenom in the treatment of coagulopathy induced by Malayan pit viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma) venom were assessed in 42 adult Wistar rats. Following intramuscular venom injection (2 micrograms/g body weight), serial blood samples were taken from the femoral vein for measurement of(More)
Serum transcobalamin II levels were measured in scrub typhus patients. Eighteen out of fifty-two patients admitted to Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital were diagnosed with scrub typhus infection. The serum unsaturated vitamin B12 binding protein (UBBC) and total vitamin B12 binding protein (TBBC) levels in these patients were significantly higher than in(More)
We measured the serum transcobalamin II in murine typhus- infected patients (n = 16) admitted to the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in 1996-1997, compared with healthy controls (n = 60). The results showed that the transcobalamin II (TCII) and total serum unsaturated vitaminB12 binding capacity (UBBC) in patients with murine typhus (2,126.5 pg/ml, range(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies (WPN1, WPN2 and WPN3) raised against a partially purified fraction of Russell's viper venom (RVV) were characterized. All three monoclonal antibodies reacted with crude RVV when tested by ELISA, but only two (WPN1, WPN2) neutralized its hyaluronidase activity. WPN1 was the more potent and was effective at an antigen: antibody(More)
In all experimental mammals tested (rats, dogs, primates), intramuscular injections of the oil-soluble antimalarial artemisinin derivatives artemether and arteether have produced an unusual pattern of selective damage to brain stem centers predominantly involved in auditory processing and vestibular reflexes. Artesunate, the most widely used of these(More)
Acute liver failure is an atypical manifestation of dengue with a high mortality. We performed a retrospective cohort study at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Bangkok, Thailand. In total, 1,926 patients with serologically confirmed dengue were enrolled in the study from 2011 to 2015. Of these, six patients presented with acute liver failure, four died,(More)