Aphrodite Vasilaki

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Previous studies have reported that oxidizing free radical species are generated during exercise, and there has been considerable interest in the potential effects of these on exercising tissues. We hypothesized that contracting skeletal muscle was a major source of oxidizing free radical species and that untrained skeletal muscle would adapt to the(More)
Investment in reproduction is costly and frequently decreases survival or future reproductive success. However, the proximate underlying causes for this are largely unknown. Oxidative stress has been suggested as a cost of reproduction and several studies have demonstrated changes in antioxidants with reproductive investment. Here, we test whether oxidative(More)
Oxidative modification of cellular components may contribute to tissue dysfunction during aging. In skeletal muscle, contractile activity increases the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS). The question of whether contraction-induced ROS generation is further increased in skeletal muscle of the elderly is important since this influences(More)
As we age, our skeletal muscle becomes smaller and weaker. In addition, the remaining muscle is more susceptible to damage, particularly following exercise, recovery from damage is severely impaired and muscle is unable to adapt rapidly following sequential periods of exercise. The mechanisms by which skeletal muscle damage occurs are poorly understood and(More)
This study has characterised the time course of two major transcriptional adaptive responses to exercise (changes in antioxidant defence enzyme activity and heat shock protein (HSP) content) in muscles of adult and old male mice following isometric contractions and has examined the mechanisms involved in the age-related reduction in transcription factor(More)
The production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) by skeletal muscle is important as it (i) underlies oxidative damage in many degenerative muscle pathologies and (ii) plays multiple regulatory roles by fulfilling important cellular functions. Superoxide and nitric oxide (NO) are the primary radical species produced by skeletal muscle and(More)
Adaptations of skeletal muscle following exercise are accompanied by changes in gene expression, which can result in protection against subsequent potentially damaging exercise. One cellular signal activating these adaptations may be an increased production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a(More)
AIMS The sources of cytosolic superoxide in skeletal muscle have not been defined. This study examined the subcellular sites that contribute to cytosolic superoxide in mature single muscle fibers at rest and during contractile activity. RESULTS Isolated fibers from mouse flexor digitorum brevis loaded with superoxide and nitric-oxide-sensitive fluorescent(More)
The ability of muscles to regenerate successfully following damage diminishes with age and this appears to be a major contributor to the development of muscle weakness and physical frailty. Successful muscle regeneration is dependent on appropriate reinnervation of regenerating muscle. Age-related changes in the interactions between nerve and muscle are(More)
Increased amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by skeletal muscle during contractile activity, but their intracellular source is unclear. The oxidation of 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCFH) was examined as an intracellular probe for reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscle myotubes derived from muscles of wild-type mice and mice(More)