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The global biogeography of microorganisms remains largely unknown, in contrast to the well-studied diversity patterns of macroorganisms. We used arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus DNA from 1014 plant-root samples collected worldwide to determine the global distribution of these plant symbionts. We found that AM fungal communities reflected local(More)
INTRODUCTION haemorrhoidal disease symptoms lead frequently to medical consultation. The aims of our study were to determine its epidemiological, clinical and endoscopic characteristics in Dakar. PATIENTS AND METHODS we conducted a prospective multicentric study in the hospitals and in the private offices with endoscopic unit in Dakar from November 2nd(More)
The sickle cell trait is a genetic abnormality of red blood cells. It is due to the mutation of a parental gene, which rest Its to the substitution of glutamic acid by valin on beta globin chain of haemoglobin. The possibility for sickle cell trait carriers (SCT) to present any disturbance during predominantly anaerobic and aerobic exercises is unclear. Ten(More)
This preliminary survey was intended to collect transversal data to ensure a better understanding of the hepatitis B and C epidemiology in Mauritania. The authors have studied the seroprevalence rate of HBs antigen and HCV antibodies among 349 blood donors. Data of this study showed that anti-HCV antibody was detected in 1.1% and HBs antigen in 20.3% blood(More)
UNLABELLED Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection prevalence rate is estimated at 1.4% in Senegal, and about 3,000 children could be infected. HIV positive children are followed up since 2000 in Albert Royer Hospital (Dakar, Senegal). OBJECTIVES To describe clinical and epidemiological aspects of HIV paediatric infection, and to evaluate the(More)
The strategy of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) has been recommended by both WHO and UNICEF for first-level health facilities to control the main childhood diseases in developing countries. In Senegal, IMCI was adopted in 1996 and had been implemented in several pilot health districts by the year 2000. This study was conducted three years(More)
The World Health Organization has proposed the syndromic approach for management of sexually transmissible diseases (STD) in countries where diagnostic laboratory tests are not consistently available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of this approach for treatment of ureteral discharge in Senegal. Twenty seven men presenting(More)