Aparna Krishnan

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UNLABELLED The mechanisms of action of dietary fish oil (FO) on osteoporosis are not fully understood. This study showed FO decreased bone loss in ovariectomized mice because of inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. This finding supports a beneficial effect of FO on the attenuation of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION Consumption of fish or n-3 fatty acids protects(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seronegative recipients (R(-)) of a liver transplant from CMV-positive donors (D(+)) are at high risk for developing late CMV disease after discontinuation of antiviral prophylaxis. Levels of viremia and CMV-specific interferon (IFN)- gamma -producing CD4(+) and IFN- gamma -producing CD8(+) T cell responses were prospectively measured(More)
OBJECTIVE Cyclophosphamide (CTX), an alkylating agent, is extensively used in the treatment of lupus nephritis, but its administration has been associated with free radical mediated oxidative stress. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of dietary corn oil (CO), fish oil (FO) and food restriction (FR) on the activities of hepatic(More)
OBJECTIVE Adoptive cellular therapy of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cells in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients is a promising approach for controlling CMV viremia and its morbidity. We sought to develop a clinically suitable strategy to dually expand infusible CD8(+) and CD4(+) T-cell subsets specific for CMV. METHODS(More)
We compared the effects of calorie restriction (CR) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) on the progression of lupus nephritis and immunological changes in NZB/NZW F1 mice. Ad libitum (AL)/CTX and CR delayed onset of proteinuria and significantly decreased serum levels of anti-dsDNA, anti-histone, and circulating immune complex antibodies. CTX and CR prevented the(More)
Immunological parameters that distinguish solid-organ transplant (SOT) recipients at risk for life-threatening cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease are being actively pursued to aid posttransplant management. A candidate marker is programmed death (PD)-1 receptor, whose overexpression has been associated with disease progression during persistent viral infections.(More)
The functional status of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) populations recognizing cytomegalovirus intermediate-early antigen (IE1) and pp65 polypeptides was investigated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT) and solid organ transplant recipients. Combined flow-based CD107a/b degranulation/mobilization and(More)
CMV tegument protein pp65 and CMV immediate early gene product IE1 are both considered immunodominant targets of cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and potentially capable of controlling CMV infection. To better assess their role in host defense, we have constructed a novel MVA transfer vector named pZWIIA and generated a recombinant MVA (rMVA) expressing both(More)
Despite significant advances in antiviral treatment, solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients remain at heightened risk for developing late cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. Elevated inhibitory immune signaling suggests a state of immune impairment in SOT recipients, who do not control CMV infection and develop severe clinical symptoms after discontinuation of(More)
Antiviral prophylaxis has proved successful for prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in solid organ transplant (SOT) patients; though emerging data suggest that antiviral agents interfere with immunity, and may inhibit immune priming. In this context, we investigated levels and phenotype of primary CMV-specific immune responses that developed during(More)