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1. Chicken embryos aged 12, 16, 18 and 20 (externally pipped) days of incubation were exposed to graded reductions (2 degrees C) in ambient temperature from 38 to 28 degrees C, exposure to each temperature lasting up to 9 hr. 2. Oxygen uptake was measured first at 38 degrees C and then in the quasi-equilibrium state at lowered temperatures. The temperature(More)
The preceding report on the O2 uptake (MO2) of chicken embryos whose shell conductance (GO2) was altered from the beginning of incubation showed that the MO2 was decreased despite increased GO2 [Okuda, A. and H. Tazawa (1988) Respir. Physiol. 74: 187-198]. This was attributed to an excess water loss which reduced the growth of the embryos. The present study(More)
The inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channel Kir4.1 in brain astrocytes mediates spatial K(+) buffering and regulates neural activities. Recent studies have shown that loss-of-function mutations in the human gene KCNJ10 encoding Kir4.1 cause epileptic seizures, suggesting a close relationship between the Kir4.1 channel function and epileptogenesis. Here,(More)
The O2 uptake of chicken embryos confined in the eggshell (MO2) is governed by a shell diffusive conductance (GO2) and PO2 difference between ambience and air space, suggesting that a relation between GO2 and air space PO2 (PAO2) is hyperbolic at constant MO2. Upon wide alteration of GO2 from the beginning of incubation, the MO2 was measured on day 16 of(More)
The inwardly rectifying potassium channel subunit Kir4.1 is expressed in brain astrocytes and involved in spatial K(+) buffering, regulating neural activity. To explore the pathophysiological alterations of Kir4.1 channels in epileptic disorders, we analyzed interictal expressional levels of Kir4.1 in the Noda epileptic rat (NER), a hereditary animal model(More)
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