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Fast, saltatory conduction in myelinated nerves requires the clustering of voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) at nodes of Ranvier in a nodal complex. The Neurofascin (Nfasc) gene encodes neuronal Neurofascin 186 (Nfasc186) at the node and glial Neurofascin 155 at the paranode, and these proteins play a key role in node assembly. However, their role in the(More)
The coordination of complex tumor processes requires cells to rapidly modify their phenotype and is achieved by direct cell-cell communication through gap junction channels composed of connexins. Previous reports have suggested that gap junctions are tumor suppressive based on connexin 43 (Cx43), but this does not take into account differences in(More)
l-Phenylalanine is an important amino acid commercially, and therefore optimization of its manufacture is of interest. We constructed a range of mutant alleles of AroG, the enzyme involved in the first step of phenylalanine biosynthesis. Three single-site mutant alleles were constructed (aroG8, aroG15, and aroG29), which were then combined to generate three(More)
A novel series of morphinans were synthesized, and their binding affinity at and functional selectivity for micro, delta, and kappa opioid receptors were evaluated. These dimeric ligands can be viewed as dimeric morphinans, which were formed by coupling two identical morphinan pharmacophores (cyclorphan (1) or MCL 101 (2)) with varying connecting spacers.(More)
SKF83959 (3-methyl-6-chloro-7,8-hydroxy-1-[3-methylphenyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine), an atypical dopamine receptor-1 (D(1) receptor) agonist, has shown many D(1) receptor-independent effects, such as neuroprotection, blockade of Na(+) channel, and promotion of spontaneous glutamate release, which resemble the effects of the sigma-1 receptor(More)
A series of new aporphine analogues (aporlogues) were synthesized bearing a C-, N-, or O-linkage at the C11 position. Lipoic ester (-)-15 was identified as a full agonist at the dopamine D(2) and serotonin 5-HT(1A) receptors with K(i) values of 174 and 66 nM, respectively. It elicited antiparkinsonian action on Parkinsin's disease (PD) rats with minor(More)
A series of new aporphine analogues were synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. 11-Allyloxy-(17), 11-propargyloxy-(20), and dihydrofuro-(19) aporphines displayed the highest affinity at the 5-HT(1A) receptor with K(i) values of 12.0, 14.0, and 6.7 nM, respectively. The high binding potential of the diastereomeric mixture of aporphine 19 was found(More)
The gammaretrovirus, xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV), replicates to high titers in some human cell lines and is able to infect non-human primates. To determine whether APOBEC3 (A3) proteins restrict XMRV infections in a non-human primate model, we sequenced proviral DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of XMRV-infected rhesus(More)