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BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate target genes at the post-transcriptional level and play important roles in cancer pathogenesis and development. Variation amongst individuals is a significant confounding factor in miRNA (or other) expression studies. The true character of biologically or clinically meaningful differential expression can be obscured by(More)
Large-scale gene expression studies provide significant insight into genes differentially regulated in disease processes such as cancer. However, these investigations offer limited understanding of multisystem, multicellular diseases such as atherosclerosis. A systems biology approach that accounts for gene interactions, incorporates nontranscriptionally(More)
The extent of human genomic structural variation suggests that there must be portions of the genome yet to be discovered, annotated and characterized at the sequence level. We present a resource and analysis of 2,363 new insertion sequences corresponding to 720 genomic loci. We found that a substantial fraction of these sequences are either missing,(More)
Candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed for associations to an unselected whole genome pool of tumor mRNA transcripts in 50 unrelated patients with breast cancer. SNPs were selected from 203 candidate genes of the reactive oxygen species pathway. We describe a general statistical framework for the simultaneous analysis of gene(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing use of DNA microarrays in biomedical research, toxicogenomics, pharmaceutical development, and diagnostics has focused attention on the reproducibility and reliability of microarray measurements. While the reproducibility of microarray gene expression measurements has been the subject of several recent reports, there is still a(More)
High-resolution array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) provides exon-level mapping of DNA aberrations in cells or tissues. Such aberrations are central to carcinogenesis and, in many cases, central to targeted therapy of the cancers. Some of the aberrations are sporadic, one-of-a-kind changes in particular tumor samples; others occur frequently and(More)
MOTIVATION Large-scale association studies, investigating the genetic determinants of a phenotype of interest, are producing increasing amounts of genomic variation data on human cohorts. A fundamental challenge in these studies is the detection of genotypic patterns that discriminate individuals exhibiting the phenotype under study from individuals that do(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Effective treatment of HCC patients is hampered by the lack of sensitive and specifi c diagnostic markers of HCC. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), the currently used HCC marker, misses 30%–50% of HCC patients, who therefore remain undiagnosed and untreated. In order to identify(More)
High throughput expression profiling and genotyping technologies provide the means to study the genetic determinants of population variation in gene expression variation. In this paper we present a general statistical framework for the simultaneous analysis of gene expression data and SNP genotype data measured for the same cohort. The framework consists of(More)
Rapid development in the annotation of human genetic variation has increased the numbers of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes by several orders of magnitude. The selection of both useful target SNPs for disease-gene association studies and SNPs associated with the treatment response is therefore an increasingly challenging task. We(More)