Anya Maan-yuh Lin

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The proposed anti- and pro-oxidant effects of nitric oxide (NO) derivatives, such as S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and peroxynitrite, were investigated in the rat nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Intranigral infusion of freshly prepared GSNO (0-16.8 nmol, i.n.) prevented iron-induced (4.2 nmol, i.n.) oxidative stress and nigral injury, reflected by a(More)
L-Deprenyl (selegiline) was chronically administered to male Fischer 344 rats via their drinking water beginning at 54 weeks of age (estimated daily dose: 0.5 mg/kg/day). Beginning at 84 weeks of age, the rats were behaviorally evaluated using a sensorimotor battery, a motor-learning task, and the Morris water maze. At 118 weeks of age, cerebellar(More)
The neuroprotective effect of carboxyfullerene, a water-soluble derivative of fullerene, on the transient focal ischemia-reperfusion injury was investigated in rat brain. A focal infarction in the cerebral cortex was consistently observed 24 h after a 60-min transient ischemia by occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery and bilateral common carotid(More)
We previously reported that both systemic administration and brief local application of ethanol potentiated gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced depressions of cerebellar Purkinje neurons when the GABA responses were concomitantly facilitated (modulated) by catecholaminergic agonists. In the present study, we further investigated the effects of prolonged(More)
In this study, we confirmed that microiontophoretically applied norepinephrine (NE) and isoproterenol potentiate the depressant effects of locally-applied gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on cerebellar Purkinje neurons of anesthetized rats. Although ethanol (EtOH) does not reliably or efficaciously potentiate GABA-induced depressions of neuronal activity, we(More)
In the present study, the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in sodium arsenite (arsenite)-induced neurotoxicity was investigated using primary cultured cortical neurons. Incubation with arsenite was found to cause cell death of primary cultured cortical neurons in concentration- and time-dependent manners. Furthermore, arsenite induced caspase 3 activation and(More)
Available studies indicate that the adrenergic stimulation of pineal cyclic GMP production involves stimulation of guanylyl cyclase activity by nitric oxide (NO) derived from arginine. This line of investigation was extended in the present study. Using a highly sensitive microassay, it was found that pineal NO synthase activity is present at levels(More)
In the present study, the protective effect of melatonin on sodium arsenite (arsenite)-induced apoptosis was investigated. Local infusion of arsenite elevated lipid peroxidation and depleted glutathione content in the infused substantia nigra (SN), as well as reduced striatal dopamine content. Systemic administration of melatonin diminished arsenite-induced(More)
A sublethal preconditioning has been proposed as a neuroprotective strategy against several CNS neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, the involvement of autophagy in the protection provided by hypoxic preconditioning against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced neurotoxicity was studied in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. In contrast to the(More)
The neuroprotective effect of hypoxic preconditioning on kainate (KA)-induced neurotoxicity, including apoptosis and necrosis, was investigated in rat hippocampus. Female Wistar-Kyoto rats were subjected to 380 mm Hg in an altitude chamber for 15 h/day for 28 days. Intrahippocampal infusion of KA was performed in chloral hydrate anesthetized rats, which(More)