Anya Maan-yuh Lin

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The proposed anti- and pro-oxidant effects of nitric oxide (NO) derivatives, such as S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and peroxynitrite, were investigated in the rat nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Intranigral infusion of freshly prepared GSNO (0-16.8 nmol, i.n.) prevented iron-induced (4.2 nmol, i.n.) oxidative stress and nigral injury, reflected by a(More)
L-Deprenyl (selegiline) was chronically administered to male Fischer 344 rats via their drinking water beginning at 54 weeks of age (estimated daily dose: 0.5 mg/kg/day). Beginning at 84 weeks of age, the rats were behaviorally evaluated using a sensorimotor battery, a motor-learning task, and the Morris water maze. At 118 weeks of age, cerebellar(More)
We previously reported that both systemic administration and brief local application of ethanol potentiated gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced depressions of cerebellar Purkinje neurons when the GABA responses were concomitantly facilitated (modulated) by catecholaminergic agonists. In the present study, we further investigated the effects of prolonged(More)
In the present study, the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in sodium arsenite (arsenite)-induced neurotoxicity was investigated using primary cultured cortical neurons. Incubation with arsenite was found to cause cell death of primary cultured cortical neurons in concentration- and time-dependent manners. Furthermore, arsenite induced caspase 3 activation and(More)
Available studies indicate that the adrenergic stimulation of pineal cyclic GMP production involves stimulation of guanylyl cyclase activity by nitric oxide (NO) derived from arginine. This line of investigation was extended in the present study. Using a highly sensitive microassay, it was found that pineal NO synthase activity is present at levels(More)
A sublethal preconditioning has been proposed as a neuroprotective strategy against several CNS neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, the involvement of autophagy in the protection provided by hypoxic preconditioning against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced neurotoxicity was studied in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. In contrast to the(More)
In the present study, the protective effect of melatonin on sodium arsenite (arsenite)-induced apoptosis was investigated. Local infusion of arsenite elevated lipid peroxidation and depleted glutathione content in the infused substantia nigra (SN), as well as reduced striatal dopamine content. Systemic administration of melatonin diminished arsenite-induced(More)
The neuroprotective effect of carboxyfullerene, a water-soluble derivative of fullerene, on the transient focal ischemia-reperfusion injury was investigated in rat brain. A focal infarction in the cerebral cortex was consistently observed 24 h after a 60-min transient ischemia by occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery and bilateral common carotid(More)
The mechanism underlying sodium arsenite (arsenite)-induced neurotoxicity was investigated in rat brain. Arsenite was locally infused in the substantia nigra (SN) of anesthetized rat. Seven days after infusion, lipid peroxidation in the infused SN was elevated and dopamine level in the ipsilateral striatum was reduced in a concentration-dependent manner(More)
The antioxidative action of melatonin on iron-induced neurodegeneration in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system was evaluated in vivo. Intranigral infusion of iron chronically degenerated the dopaminergic transmission of the nigrostriatal system. An increase in lipid peroxidation in the infused substantia nigra and reductions in dopamine levels and(More)