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BACKGROUND Many investigators have examined oxygen consumption in adult heats under conditions that simulate those encountered during cardiac operations and those that approximate basal metabolism. Few studies, however, have addressed this issue in neonatal myocardium. METHODS Hearts from 3- to 9-day-old piglets were studied in a blood-perfused isolated(More)
Cardiovascular complications are the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Coronary atherosclerosis is enhanced in diabetics, whereas myocardial infarction represents 20% of deaths of diabetic subjects. Furthermore, re-infarction and heart failure are more common in the diabetics. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by an(More)
In a previous report, we have demonstrated that simultaneous inhibition of nucleoside transport and adenosine deaminase accumulates endogenous adenosine and protects the myocardium against stunning. The differential cardioprotective effects of erythro-9(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)-adenine (EHNA), a potent inhibitor of adenosine deamination but not transport, and(More)
A previous study has shown that endogenous adenosine trapping during ischemia (by blocking adenine nucleoside transport and inhibiting adenosine breakdown) prevents myocardial stunning. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that delay of administration of inhibitors until reperfusion would similarly prevent myocardial stunning in the absence of entrapped(More)
Basal energy requirements of polarized [tetrodotoxin (TTX), 25 microns] and depolarized [potassium (K), 20 mM] arrested hearts were studied by continuously measuring myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) during 60 min of normothermic arrest in isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts. TTX, a fast sodium channel blocker, was used to produce polarized arrest(More)
Hypothermic total circulatory arrest for repair of congenital heart lesions in neonates requires a period of rapid core cooling on cardiopulmonary bypass during which the myocardium is also exposed to hypothermic perfusion. Myocardial hypothermia in the nonarrested state results in an increase in contractility due to elevation of intracellular calcium(More)
The aim of this study was to differentiate myocardial reperfusion injury from that of ischemia. We assessed the role of the myocardial adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) catabolites, hypoxanthine and xanthine, generated during ischemia and the early phase of reperfusion, in reperfusion injury by modulating adenosine transport and metabolism with specific(More)
Hypothyroidism is associated with profound left ventricular dysfunction. Brain-dead organ donors and patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass are chemically hypothyroid with significantly reduced circulating free triiodothyronine (T3). To test the hypothesis that T3 enhances left ventricular function in a hormonally deficient environment, a total of 36(More)
We developed a method to measure hemoglobin synthesis rate (SynHb) in humans, assuming that free glycine in the red blood cell (RBC) represents free glycine in bone marrow for hemoglobin synthesis. The present rat study examines this assumption of the method and quantifies SynHb in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 9) were studied, [2-(13)C]glycine was(More)
Administration of thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine (T3), causes numerous cardiovascular effects such as increases in stroke volume, cardiac output, heart rate, and myocardial contractility, and decreases in systemic vascular resistance. Along with other stressors, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been associated with reduced levels of T3. We examined the(More)