Anwar Anwar-Mohamed

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Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent anti-neoplastic antibiotic used to treat a variety of malignancies; however, its use is limited by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Moreover, there is a strong correlation between cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated arachidonic acid metabolites and the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, in the current study, we(More)
The use of doxorubicin (DOX) is limited by significant cardiotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and hepatotoxicity. We have previously shown that DOX cardiotoxicity induces several cardiac cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes with subsequent alteration in P450-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated the effect of acute DOX(More)
We have previously shown that the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 (SB) significantly induced Cyp1a1 gene expression at the mRNA and activity levels, whereas it dramatically inhibited the induction of Cyp1a1 by TCDD in murine hepatoma Hepa 1c1c7 cells. However, the molecular mechanisms involved were not investigated yet. Therefore, the current study aims to(More)
Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is a hepatic and extrahepatic enzyme that is regulated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling pathway. With the growing human exposure to heavy metals, emerging evidence suggests that heavy metals exposure alter CYP1A1 enzyme activity. Heavy metals regulate CYP1A1 at different levels of its aryl hydrocarbon receptor(More)
During the last couple of decades, efforts have been made to study the toxic effects of individual aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhR) ligands such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or heavy metals typified by arsenic As(III). However, little is known about the combined toxic effects of TCDD and As(III) in vivo. Previous reports from our laboratory(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) generated cardioprotective metabolites, epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), and cardiotoxic metabolites, hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) levels are determined by many factors, including the induction or repression of the CYP enzymes, responsible for their formation. Therefore, we examined the effect of acute inflammation on the(More)
The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of vanadium (V5+) on Cyp1 expression and activity in C57BL/6 mice liver and isolated hepatocytes. For this purpose, C57BL6 mice were injected intraperitoneally with V5+ (5 mg/kg) in the absence and presence of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) (15 μg/kg) for 6 and 24 h. Furthermore,(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) is metabolized by enzymes of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4A and CYP4F subfamilies to 20- hydroxyeicosatetraeonic acid (20-HETE), which plays an important role in the cardiovascular system. In the current work, we reviewed the formation of 20-HETE in different species by different CYPs; 20-HETE metabolism by cyclooxygenases (COXs) and(More)
Recent reports have proposed that some naturally occurring phytochemicals can function as anticancer agents mainly through inducing phase II drug detoxification enzymes. Of these phytochemicals, isothiocyanates sulforaphane (SUL), present in broccoli, is by far the most extensively studied. In spite of its positive effect on phase II drug metabolizing(More)
Recent data suggest that vanadium (V5+) compounds exert protective effects against chemical-induced carcinogenesis, mainly through modifying various xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. In fact, we have shown that V5+ down-regulates the expression of Cyp1a1 at the transcriptional level through an ATP-dependent mechanism. However, incongruously, there is(More)