Anushka Baruah

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Recent advances in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) therapeutics include novel medical, surgical, and endoscopic treatments. Among these, stem cell therapy is still in its infancy, although multiple studies suggest that the immunomodulatory effect of stem cell therapy may reduce inflammation and tissue injury in patients with IBD. This review discusses the(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate identification of lower respiratory tract pathogens is important in the management of cystic fibrosis patients. AIM To evaluate the cough plate as an alternative method of obtaining respiratory samples for microbiological culture. METHODS AND RESULTS Using sputum culture as the "gold standard", the cough plate method identified(More)
The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on the animal reflux-inflammation models for Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma; genomic/epigenomic analyses; eflornithine-based combinations; the molecular derangements that promote neoplastic transformation; the role of COX-2 inhibitors,(More)
Chemoprevention in Barrett's esophagus is currently applied only in research settings. Identifying pathways that can be targeted by safe, pharmaceutical or natural compounds is key to expanding the scope of chemoprevention. Defining meaningful surrogate markers of cancer progression is critical to test the efficacy of chemopreventive approaches.(More)
Post- traumatic diaphragmatic hernia is not an uncommon sequel. But lack of awareness of this condition may delay in diagnosis and result in life-threatening complications. CT scan is regarded as the investigative tool of choice but some prefer Barium studies in delayed cases of diaphragmatic hernia. Chest X- ray and Ultrasonography of the chest and abdomen(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid storm (TS) constitutes an endocrine emergency with an incidence of up to 10% of all admissions for thyrotoxicosis. Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a rare complication of TS and very limited data exists on its incidence and outcomes. We aimed to estimate the national trends in incidence and outcomes of CS among patients admitted to US hospitals(More)
Increasing incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma along with poor survival entails novel preventive strategies. Agents that target pro-oncogenic pathways in Barrett's mucosa could halt this neoplastic transformation. In this review, we will use epidemiological associations and molecular mechanisms to identify novel chemoprevention targets in Barrett's(More)
The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on translational research on Barrett's esophagus that address evidence for genetic instability in esophageal cancer; the role of microsatellite instability; the use of histologic and serum Doublecortin-like kinase 1 expression for progression of Barrett's(More)