Anuran Chatterjee

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The regional and cyclic changes in the murine genital epithelium were studied by transmission and scanning electron microscopy to provide a morphological standard to serve as a basis for investigation of host-parasite relationships in genital infections. Thus, we examined not only mucosal epithelial cell changes, but also surface mucus, normal flora and(More)
RATIONALE Severe sepsis is the leading cause of death for patients in intensive care units. Patients with severe sepsis develop multiple organ failure, including acute lung injury (ALI), resulting from a deregulated inflammatory response. Inhibitors of the ubiquitous chaperone, heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), block the activity of certain proinflammatory(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous lipophilic free radical generated by three distinct isoforms of nitric oxide synthases (NOS), type 1 or neuronal (nNOS), type 2 or inducible (iNOS) and type 3 or endothelial NOS (eNOS). Expression of eNOS is altered in many types of cardiovascular disease, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and hypertension. The ubiquitous(More)
Endothelial hyperperme ability leading to vascular leak is an important consequence of sepsis and sepsis-induced lung injury. We previously reported that heat shock protein (hsp) 90 inhibitor pretreatment improved pulmonary barrier dysfunction in a murine model of sepsis-induced lung injury. We now examine the effects of hsp90 inhibitors on LPS-mediated(More)
Vascular injury induces a potent inflammatory response that influences vessel remodeling and patency, limiting long-term benefits of cardiovascular interventions such as angioplasty. Specialized proresolving lipid mediators (SPMs) derived from ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids [eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] orchestrate resolution in(More)
OBJECTIVE Inflammation and its resolution are central to vascular injury and repair. Maresins comprise a new family of bioactive lipid mediators synthesized from docosahexaenoic acid, an ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid. They have been found to exert anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving responses in macrophages, neutrophils and bronchial epithelial cells and(More)
The ultrastructural changes in pulmonary alveoli produced by transtracheal inoculation of 10(6) and 10(8) CFU of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5 in gnotobiotic piglets were studied after 1 and 4 h. At 1 h postinoculation (p.i.) with 10(6) or 10(8) CFU, no gross change in lung and no evidence of infiltration of cells into alveoli was observed. At(More)
Recent evidence suggests that specialized lipid mediators derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids control resolution of inflammation, but little is known about resolution pathways in vascular injury. We sought to determine the actions of D-series resolvin (RvD) on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotype and vascular injury. Human VSMCs were treated(More)
We previously reported that 17β-estradiol (E2) prevents hyperresponsiveness to carbachol of murine asthmatic tracheal rings in vitro. We now investigated whether E2 is similarly effective in reducing airway hyperreactivity in a murine model of allergic asthma in vivo. Female ovariectomized BALB/c mice were rendered asthmatic by a 25-day protocol of(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipid mediators derived from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as resolvin D1 (RvD1) accelerate the resolution of inflammation and have potential as vascular therapeutics. The objective of this study was to evaluate local perivascular delivery of RvD1 as a means to attenuate neointimal hyperplasia in a rat model of arterial injury. (More)