Anurag Varshney

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Regulation and dysregulation of intracellular calcium (Ca2+) signaling via the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) has been linked to many cellular processes and pathological conditions. In the present study, addition of neuronal calcium sensor-1 (NCS-1), a high-affinity, low-capacity, calcium-binding protein, to purified InsP3R type 1 (InsP3R1)(More)
A chimeric channel, 4N/1, was generated from two outwardly rectifying K+ channels by linking the N-terminal cytoplasmic domain of hKv1.4 (N terminus ball and chain of hKv1.4) with the transmembrane body of hKv1.1 (delta78N1 construct of hKv1.1). The recombinant channel has properties similar to the six transmembrane inward rectifiers and opens on(More)
Testosterone plays a crucial role in neuronal function, but elevated concentrations can have deleterious effects. Here we show that supraphysiological levels of testosterone (micromolar range) initiate the apoptotic cascade. We used three criteria, annexin V labeling, caspase activity, and DNA fragmentation, to determine that apoptotic pathways were(More)
Shaker type potassium channels are strongly voltage dependent and potassium selective. Kv1.4 channels from a variety of sources exhibit a much shallower voltage-dependence of activation than other members of the family. We have made a chimeric construct consisting of the N-terminal chain of hKv1.1 spliced onto the transmembrane portion of hKv1.4 (IN/4).(More)
Voltage-gated ion channels are among the most intensely studied membrane proteins today and a variety of techniques has led to a basic mapping of functional roles onto specific regions of their structure. The architecture of the proteins appears to be modular and segments associated with voltage sensing and the pore lining have been identified. However,(More)
The voltage-gated potassium channel is currently one of the few membrane proteins where functional roles have been mapped onto specific segments of sequence. Although high-resolution structures of the transmembrane portions of three bacterial potassium channels, the tetramerization domain and the cytoplasmic “ball” are available, their relative spatial(More)
Huntingtin, a protein altered by polyglutamine expansion in Huntington's disease (Httexp), forms a signaling complex with the InsP3R, an intracellular calcium channel, and Htt-associated protein 1A (HAP1A). The addition of Httexp increases the InsP3R sensitivity to InsP3, which subsequently makes neurons hyperresponsive to stimulation and presumably more(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Cell replacement therapy is considered a promising alternative in the treatment of degenerative diseases, and in this context, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been proposed for transplantation in Parkinson disease (PD). Thus far, the results of animal studies are found to be inconsistent and inconclusive regarding the therapeutic(More)
Voltage gated potassium channels are tetrameric membrane proteins, which have a central role in cellular excitability. Human Kv1.4 channels open on membrane depolarization and inactivate rapidly by a 'ball and chain' mechanism whose molecular determinants have been mapped to the cytoplasmic N terminus of the channel. Here we show that the other terminal end(More)
A novel inhibitor of voltage-gated potassium channel was isolated and purified to homogeneity from the venom of the red scorpion Buthus tamulus. The primary sequence of this toxin, named BTK-2, as determined by peptide sequencing shows that it has 32 amino acid residues with six conserved cysteines. The molecular weight of the toxin was found to be 3452 Da.(More)