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Cystic nephroma (CN) and mixed epithelial and stromal tumor (MEST) are rare benign renal neoplasms that have overlapping clinical and morphologic features, including predominance in middle-aged women, variably cystic architecture, eosinophilic cells, and hobnail cells lining the cysts and ovarian-type stroma. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare(More)
OBJECTIVES Prediction of mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) can be assessed using clinical severity scores on admission to hospital. The clinical benefit of such tools is untested in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to determine the early adverse prognostic factors in patients hospitalized with CAP in Malaysia and to(More)
Core needle biopsies of breast carcinomas provide diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive information before neoadjuvant therapy. Possible intratumoral heterogeneity of biomarker expression questions the validity of core needle biopsy interpretation in small biopsy specimens. Using tissue microarray (TMA) technology, we studied intratumoral heterogeneity of(More)
Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma, a rare, recently described distinctive subtype of renal cell carcinoma, may have some morphologic similarities to the more common papillary renal cell carcinoma, particularly the basophilic (type 1) tumors with prominent solid growth pattern. Tumor circumscription, compact tubular architecture, focal(More)
In this study, we used imaging and proteomics to identify the presence of virus-associated cellular proteins that may play a role in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) maturation. Fluorescence microscopy of virus-infected cells revealed the presence of virus-induced cytoplasmic inclusion bodies and mature virus particles, the latter appearing as virus(More)
In response to an absence of studies among refugees and host communities accessing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in urban settings, our objective was to compare adherence and virological outcomes among clients attending a public clinic in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adult clients (≥18 years). Data(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to treatment remains the cornerstone of long term viral suppression and successful treatment outcomes among patients receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE(S) Evaluate the effectiveness of mobile phone reminders and peer counseling in improving adherence and treatment outcomes among HIV positive patients on ART in Malaysia.(More)
Medication adherence remains a critical link between the prescribed ART regimen and treatment outcome. Several factors may influence adherence behavior. This cross-sectional study aimed to highlight socioeconomic predictors of adherence behavior among a cohort of 242 adult Malaysian patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Hospital Sungai Buloh,(More)
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