Anuradha P. Goud

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In-vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes is a promising technique to reduce the costs and avert the side-effects of gonadotrophin stimulation for in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The pregnancy rates from oocytes matured in vitro are much lower than those of in-vivo stimulation cycles indicating that optimization of IVM remains a challenge. Therefore, we(More)
Aging of the unfertilized oocyte inevitably occurs following ovulation, limiting its fertilizable life span. However, the mechanisms that regulate oocyte aging are still unclear. We hypothesize that reactive oxygen species such as superoxide (O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hypochlorous acid (HOCl) are likely candidates that may initiate these changes(More)
We studied the presence and distribution of the intracellular calcium channel regulating type I inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3R) in human immature and mature oocytes, pronuclear zygotes and cleaved embryos using a specific antibody. Two approaches were used: (i) fluorescence immunocytochemistry using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM)(More)
OBJECTIVE To study follicular microenvironment in terms of free radical dynamics, oocyte quality, and assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes among women with (group A) and without (group B) endometriosis. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING University ART center. PATIENT(S) Women with and without endometriosis undergoing ART (n=28). (More)
A human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell line has been established from the surgical specimen of an untreated, upper aero-digestive tract tumour, diagnosed as a squamous carcinoma, grade III, of the pyriform fossa. The tumour tissue was grown as a xenograft in an athymic nude mouse and was designated as NT-8. Histological examination of the surgical(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the influence of low-sodium cryopreservation media (CPM) on the survival and development of frozen-thawed germinal vesicle (GV) stage and in vitro matured human oocytes. DESIGN Prospective experimental study. SETTING Academic hospital-based fertility center. PATIENT(S) Experimental groups: Oocytes cryopreserved at the GV (group A, n(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of delayed intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on the fertilization and cleavage of human in vitro matured (IVM) oocytes. DESIGN Prospective experimental study. SETTING Academic hospital-based fertility center. PATIENT(S) The experimental group consisted of 73 spare germinal vesicle-stage oocytes from 25 patients. The(More)
Oviductal oocytes retrieved from superovulated B6D2F1 mice at 13.5, 16 and 19 h after human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) (groups A, B and C respectively, n = 382) were micromanipulated to obtain 12-20 mum sized ooplasm biopsy fragments. Experiments were divided into three sets. Ooplasmic microtubule dynamics were studied in ooplasm biopsy specimens and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a ubiquitous signaling molecule that plays a crucial role in oocyte maturation and embryo development. However, its role in oocyte aging is unclear. To examine how NO affects oocyte aging, we retrieved young and relatively old mouse oocytes and exposed them to increasing concentrations of NO donor S-nitroso acetyl penicillamine (SNAP).(More)
Type I inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive receptors (InsP(3)R) are expressed in human oocytes and may be involved in operating the Ca(2+) release triggered by the fertilizing sperm. This study examines the contribution of type I InsP(3)R in operating Ca(2+) release in human oocytes secondary to InsP(3) itself, using a specific function-blocking antibody(More)