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Low intakes of calcium and inadequate vitamin D status often cluster with higher prevalence rates of obesity. Consequently, there has been much interest in the mechanisms by which calcium and vitamin D could regulate body weight and adiposity. This review has focused on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have manipulated these nutrients and studied(More)
The body composition of 99 men and 89 women from south India was estimated using hydrodensitometry, bioelectrical impedance and skinfold thickness. Comparisons of the hydrodensitometry (reference method) and skinfold methods showed that there were no significant differences between the methods, for estimates of fat free mass (FFM) and per cent fat. The mean(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the maternal sociodemographic, anthropometric, dietary and micronutrient status in apparently healthy pregnant women in order to determine their associations with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Bangalore City, India. SUBJECTS A total of 478 women were recruited at 12.9+/-3.3(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic lead poisoning and iron deficiency are concentrated in urban children from lower socioeconomic strata, and both impair neurocognitive development. Our study objective was to determine if iron fortification reduces blood lead levels in urban, lead-exposed, iron-deficient children in Bangalore, India. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper reviews available literature on nutritional status of Indian school children 6-18 years from middle and high socio economic status (MHSES). METHODS Literature search was conducted using Medline literature database search, followed by review of full length journal papers and unpublished materials such as research reports. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop age and gender specific waist circumference references for urban Indian children aged 3 -16 years. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Urban preschools and schools of Bangalore. PARTICIPANTS 9060 children (5172 boys and 3888 girls) in the age group of 3-16 years. METHODS Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured(More)
BACKGROUND The quantity and type of dietary fat is known to affect plasma lipid concentration and hence the choice of cooking oil is important to lower the risk of coronary heart disease. Rice bran oil, which was not popular worldwide, is slowly being recognized as a 'healthy' oil in India. We assessed if rice bran oil had hypolipidaemic effects in subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Fortification with multiple micronutrients has been shown to improve growth and cognitive performance among children in developing countries, but it is unknown whether higher concentrations are more effective than lower concentrations. OBJECTIVE We compared the effect of 2 different concentrations of a combination of micronutrients and n-3(More)
UNLABELLED Obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes and related disorders. The current classification of obesity is based on body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)), which is a surrogate for the total body fat. Since the relationship between BMI and body fat varies in different populations, an independent validation of the BMI-body fat relationship in the(More)
Caralluma fimbriata is an edible cactus, used by tribal Indians to suppress hunger and enhance endurance. The effect of Caralluma extract was assessed in overweight individuals by a placebo controlled randomized trial. Fifty adult men and women (25-60 years) with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m2 were randomly assigned into a placebo or(More)