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Muthayya, S., T. Thomas, K. Srinivasan, K. Rao, A. V. Kurpad, J.-W. Van Klinken, G. Owen and E.A. de Bruin: Consumption of a mid-morning snack improves memory but not attention in school children. Physiol Behav 00(0) 000-000, 2006.--This study aimed to determine whether consumption of a mid-morning snack with appropriate energy compensation through a(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop age and gender specific waist circumference references for urban Indian children aged 3 -16 years. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Urban preschools and schools of Bangalore. PARTICIPANTS 9060 children (5172 boys and 3888 girls) in the age group of 3-16 years. METHODS Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between rural to urban migration and physical activity (PA) in India. METHODS 6,447 (42% women) participants comprising 2077 rural, 2,094 migrants and 2,276 urban were recruited. Total activity (MET hr/day), activity intensity (min/day), PA Level (PAL) television viewing and sleeping (min/day) were estimated and(More)
BACKGROUND The primary aim of the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) was to determine the relationships between lifestyle behaviours and obesity in a multi-national study of children, and to investigate the influence of higher-order characteristics such as behavioural settings, and the physical, social and(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the sociodemographic patterning of non-communicable disease risk factors in rural India. DESIGN Cross sectional study. SETTING About 1600 villages from 18 states in India. Most were from four large states due to a convenience sampling strategy. PARTICIPANTS 1983 (31% women) people aged 20-69 years (49% response rate). MAIN(More)
Folate and vitamin B-12 are essential for normal brain development. Few studies have examined the relationship of maternal folate and vitamin B-12 status during pregnancy and offspring cognitive function. To test the hypothesis that lower maternal plasma folate and vitamin B-12 concentrations and higher plasma homocysteine concentrations during pregnancy(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing active travel (walking, bicycling, and public transport) is promoted as a key strategy to increase physical activity and reduce the growing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) globally. Little is known about patterns of active travel or associated cardiovascular health benefits in low- and middle-income countries. This study(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES There are very few studies describing the pattern of physical activity of children in India. This study was carried out to document patterns of physical activity in south Indian school children aged 8 to 15 yr and examine changes over a one year period. METHODS Physical activity was assessed using interviewer-administered(More)
BACKGROUND We compared 24-hour waist-worn accelerometer wear time characteristics of 9-11 year old children in the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) to similarly aged U.S. children providing waking-hours waist-worn accelerometer data in the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (More)
BACKGROUND Socio-cultural differences for country-specific activities are rarely addressed in physical activity questionnaires. We examined the reliability and validity of the Indian Migration Study Physical Activity Questionnaire (IMS-PAQ) in urban and rural groups in India. METHODS A sub-sample of IMS participants (n = 479) was used to examine short(More)