Anupriya Khare

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Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk), a non-receptor-associated tyrosine kinase of the Tec family, appears to participate in many myeloid cell functions. We show that macrophages from X-linked immunodeficient (XID) mice lacking functional Btk cannot generate efficient bursts of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs). The induction of apoptotic cell death by(More)
That regulatory T cells (Tregs) have a crucial role in controlling allergic diseases such as asthma is now undisputed. The cytokines most commonly implicated in Treg-mediated suppression of allergic asthma are transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and interleukin (IL)-10). In addition to naturally occurring Tregs, adaptive Tregs, induced in response to(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) possesses both growth-inhibitory and -potentiating effects on cells that are independent of IGF action and are mediated through specific IGFBP-3 binding proteins/receptors located at the cell membrane, cytosol, or nuclear compartments and in the extracellular matrix. We have here characterized(More)
Immune tolerance is instituted early in life, during which time regulatory T (T(reg)) cells have an important role. Recurrent infections with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in early life increase the risk for asthma in adult life. Repeated infection of infant mice tolerized to ovalbumin (OVA) through their mother's milk with RSV induced allergic airway(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3), when added simultaneously to a human osteosarcoma cell line, MG-63, induce alkaline phosphatase activity 40-70-fold over basal levels, 6-7-fold over 1,25D3 treatment alone, and 15-20-fold over TGF beta treatment alone. TGF beta and 1,25D3 synergistically increased alkaline(More)
Cells are known to undergo apoptosis when cultured in high serum concentrations. However, the serum factors responsible for this induction of apoptosis have not been identified. The IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), a negative growth regulator, is found at concentrations of 5 microgram/ml in serum. We have recently demonstrated that IGFBP-3 induces apoptosis(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus is commonly associated with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in patients with severe asthma in which chronic airway neutrophilia predicts a poor outcome. We were able to recapitulate fungus-induced neutrophilic airway inflammation in a mouse model in our efforts to understand the underlying mechanisms. However, neutrophilia(More)
Matrix vesicles are membrane organelles found in the extracellular matrix of calcifying cells. Vitamin D-responsive alkaline phosphatase specific activity has been localized to matrix vesicles in chondrocyte and osteoblast cultures. The effect of hormone is both metabolite and cell specific. Alkaline phosphatase in matrix vesicles produced by resting zone(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) stimulates mesenchymal cells to differentiate, resulting in de novo endochondral ossification in vivo. The response of fibrocartilage and periosteal cells from human and canine nonunion tissues to partially purified BMP was examined in culture. Cells derived from neonatal rat muscle explants were used for comparison.(More)
Bacterial pneumonia remains a significant burden worldwide. Although an inflammatory response in the lung is required to fight the causative agent, persistent tissue-resident neutrophils in non-resolving pneumonia can induce collateral tissue damage and precipitate acute lung injury. However, little is known about mechanisms orchestrated in the lung tissue(More)