Anupam K. Misra

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Combined remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman spectroscopy investigations at a distance of 8.6m have been carried out in air and under a simulated Martian atmosphere of 933Pa (7Torr) CO(2) on calcite (CaCO(3)), gypsum (CaSO(4).2H(2)O), and elemental sulfur (S), and LIBS investigations on chalcopyrite (CuFeS(2)) and pyrite (FeS(2)).(More)
Raman spectroscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) of solid samples have both been shown to be feasible with sample-to-instrument distances of many meters. The two techniques are very useful together, as the combination of elemental compositions from LIBS and molecular vibrational information from Raman spectroscopy strongly complement each(More)
Changes in growth, CO2 exchange rate, and distribution of photosynthetically fixed 14CO2 into the primary photosynthetic metabolic pool (sugars, amino acids and organic acids) and essential oil accumulation were determined in leaves (leaf positions 1-6 from apex) of developing peppermint grown in a solution culture at Zn concentrations of 0 and 0.05 g m-3.(More)
Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy is a powerful analytical tool for detecting critical differences in biological samples with minimum interference in the Raman spectra from the native fluorescence of the samples. The technique is often suggested as a potential screening tool for cancer. In this article we report in vitro Raman spectra of squamous cells in(More)
We report our initial efforts to use a small portable Raman system for stand-off detection and identification of various types of organic chemicals including benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylenes (BTEX). Both fiber-optic (FO) coupled and a directly coupled f/2.2 spectrograph with the telescope have been developed and tested. A frequency-doubled Nd:YAG(More)
The authors have developed an integrated remote Raman and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) system for measuring both the Raman and LIBS spectra of minerals with a single 532 nm laser line of 35 mJ/pulse and 20 Hz. The instrument has been used for analyzing both Raman and LIBS spectra of carbonates, sulfates, hydrous and anhydrous silicates, and(More)
A remote Raman system has been developed utilizing a 532nm pulsed laser and gated intensified charged couple device (ICCD) detector in the oblique geometry. When the system is set for 50m sample distance it is capable of measuring Raman spectra of minerals located at distances in the range of 10-65m from the telescope. Both daytime and nighttime operations(More)
Partitioning of current photosynthates towards primary metabolites and its simultaneous incorporation in leaf alkaloids was investigated in developing leaves of medicinally important Catharanthus roseus. Of the total 14CO2 assimilated, the leaves at positions 1–6 fixed 8, 22, 25, 19, 13, and 8 %, respectively, and stem 3 %. Leaf fresh mass, chlorophyll(More)
Raman spectroscopy is a powerful technique for materials analysis, and we are developing and analyzing a remote Raman system for use on a planetary lander or rover. We have acquired data at a distance of 10m from a variety of geologic materials using different instrument designs. We have employed a pulsed laser with both an ungated detector and a gated(More)
ANALOG MATRIX APPLICABLE TO PLANETARY EXPLORATION. S. K. Sharma, A. K. Misra, T. E. Acosta, M. D. Dyar, E. A. Speicher, S. M. Clegg, R. C. Wiens and A. H. Treiman, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii, 1680 East-West Rd., POST #602 Honolulu, HI, 96822 (sksharma@soest.hawaii.edu); 2 Dept. of Astronomy, Mt. Holyoke College,(More)