— Fast delay estimation methods, as compared to simulation techniques, are needed for incremental performance-driven layout synthesis. On-chip inductive and conductive effects are becoming predominant in deep submicron (DSM) interconnects due to increasing clock speeds; circuit complexity and interconnect lengths. Inductance causes noise in the signal… (More)
A pattern synthesis method based on Evolutionary Algorithm is presented to generate a dual radiation pattern from a planar array of isotropic antennas. The desired patterns are obtained by finding out optimum set of elements excitations. Flat-top and Pencil beams share a common optimum amplitude distribution among the array elements. Flat-top beam is… (More)
Quantum pinining transition due to charge defects in ferroelectric. "
In large organizations people need to collaborate for meeting organizational goals in number of ways. Collaboration platforms such as Google Docs offer a set of software components and services which enable users to communicate and share documented information. However, sensitive information, which pertains to almost all industries/organizations today,… (More)
A pattern synthesis method based on Genetic Algorithm (GA) is presented to generate a coses<sup>2</sup> pattern from a circular array of isotropic antennas. The desired pattern is obtained by finding out optimum set of elements amplitude and phase using GA. Result clearly show the effectiveness of the proposed method.