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OBJECTIVE To determine risk factors for HIV-1 infection in female commercial sex workers (CSW) in northern Thailand. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of female CSW from 11 sex establishments frequented by military conscripts that included an interview and serological testing for HIV-1. RESULTS The HIV-1 seroprevalence in 230 CSW was 65%; the rate was(More)
OBJECTIVE The transmission of HIV-1 in Thailand has recently been attributed to exposure to infected commercial sex workers (CSW). We sought to identify risk factors for patterns of CSW visits among northern Thai men. DESIGN Retrospective recall of lifetime and recent CSW visits and associated risk factors were obtained by interview. SETTING Two(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in two cohorts of young men selected for military service in northern Thailand. DESIGN Military conscripts were studied cross-sectionally after conscription in May 1991 and November 1991. Risk factors were assessed by(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify behavioral and sociodemographic risk factors for incident human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection among healthy young men in northern Thailand. DESIGN Men inducted into military service in northern Thailand in May and November 1991 were followed at 6-month intervals until discharge 2 years later. Trained nonmilitary(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether intensive treatment and education strategies for diabetic patients with ulcers help in preventing leg amputation. From August 2005 to March 2007, a diabetic-foot protocol using a multidisciplinary approach was applied at our hospital. All the subjects were educated regarding diabetic-foot disease and its(More)
In the Spring of 1991 a random sample of young men from Upper Northern Thailand (mean age = 21 years) was interviewed by trained medical students from Chiang Mai University, serum samples were obtained and analyzed for prevalence of HIV-1 antibodies and for syphilis, and risk factors for HIV infection were assessed. It was found that Commercial Sex Workers(More)
Lower extremity amputation is a frequent complication of diabetes, and the authors' region did not have effective strategies to minimize it. From August 2005 to July 2006, a diabetic foot protocol (DFP) for out-patient management based on a multidisciplinary team approach was tried at the local teaching hospital. There are devices to reduce pressure and(More)
This open-label randomized controlled trial was designed to compare the efficacy of acupuncture and combined oral contraceptive (COC) pill in treating moderate-to-severe primary dysmenorrhea. Fifty-two participants were randomly assigned to receive either acupuncture (n = 27) or COC (n = 25) for three menstrual cycles. Mefenamic acid was prescribed as a(More)
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