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Three-tiered enterprise GIS architecture offers a robust, efficient, and secure mechanism as a potential revolution to disaster management systems. This paper addresses the severe limitations of existing disaster management systems and proposes an integrated management information system as an alternative. The value of such a 3-tiered enterprise GIS is its(More)
SUMMARY: Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Geographical Information System (GIS) are being used in tandem to support a variety of decisions throughout the life cycle of civil infrastructure systems. Existing CAD and GIS platforms have been developed independently with different purposes resulting in significant differences in terms of data formats they(More)
SUMMARY: Within the past few years, simulation and modeling have been adopted by the Architecture, Engineering, Construction, and Facility Management (AEC/FM) industry because it provides unique opportunities to transform traditional human-centered decision-making in design, planning, execution, and maintenance practices into simulation-centered(More)
Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) data is used for multiple applications, such as urban planning, emergency response, flood control, and city 3D reconstruction. The LIDAR data in its raw form needs to be classified for the above applications. There are two types of classifications: binary and multi-class. In the binary classification, the given(More)
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