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Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to be involved in the maintenance of striatal dopaminergic neurons. To study whether reduced levels of endogenous GDNF affect the striatal dopaminergic transmission we estimated the basal extracellular levels of dopamine in vivo, the basal expression of FosB-related proteins in striatal brain(More)
Neurotrophic factors regulate the development and maintenance of the nervous system and protect and repair dopaminergic neurons in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Vascular endothelial growth factors A (VEGF-A) and B have also neurotrophic effects on various types of neurons, including dopaminergic neurons. We examined the ability of the key(More)
Ret is the common signaling receptor for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and other ligands of the GDNF family that have potent effects on brain dopaminergic neurons. The Met918Thr mutation leads to constitutive activity of Ret receptor tyrosine kinase, causing the cancer syndrome called multiple endocrine neoplasia type B (MEN2B). We used(More)
Stroke is a major complication of cardiovascular surgery, resulting in over 100,000 deaths and over a million postoperative encephalopathies annually in the US and Europe. While mitigating damage from stroke after it occurs has proven elusive, opportunities to reduce the incidence and/or severity of stroke prior to surgery in at-risk individuals remain(More)
The aim of the present study was to find the genes expressed in the amygdaloid area after exposure to cat odour. Cat odour exposure was used to induce the ethologically relevant fear response in male rats. The differential expression of genes was analyzed using the cDNA Representational Difference Analysis (RDA). The differentially expressed clones were(More)
In Parkinson's disease (PD) midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons degenerate and die, causing loss of motor function. Currently no therapies exist to ameliorate neurodegeneration or to restore DA neurons, although neurotrophic factors (NTFs) are promising leads. Prior in vivo studies the NTFs are routinely assessed in vitro by quantifying the survival of DA(More)
  • Citation Varendi, Mikko Kärt, Jenni Airavaara, Sarah Anttila, Anu Vose, Mart Planken +12 others
  • 2014
The Harvard community has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract Stroke is a major complication of cardiovascular surgery, resulting in over 100,000 deaths and over a million postoperative encephalopathies annually in the US and Europe. While mitigating damage from stroke after it occurs(More)
Extracellular matrix is a crucial regulator of development, plasticity and regeneration in the nervous system. We have now found that N-syndecan, the receptor for the extracellular matrix component heparin-binding growth-associated molecule, is required for survival of primary sensory neurons. We demonstrate massive cell death of cultured dorsal root(More)
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