Learn More
Control of energy metabolism by increases of mitochondrial matrix [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](m)) may represent a fundamental mechanism to meet the ATP demand imposed by heart contractions, but the machinery underlying propagation of [Ca(2+)] signals from ryanodine receptor Ca(2+) release channels (RyR) to the mitochondria remains elusive. Using permeabilized(More)
The concerted action of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and Ca2+ on the IP3 receptor Ca2+ release channel (IP3R) is a fundamental step in the generation of cytosolic Ca2+ oscillations and waves, which underlie Ca2+ signaling in many cells. Mitochondria appear in close association with regions of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) enriched in IP3R and are(More)
Changes of cytosolic free Ca2+ [( Ca2+]i) in response to receptor activation were studied at the single cell level by using digital imaging fluorescence microscopy of fura-2-loaded primary cultured hepatocytes. In response to phenylephrine and vasopressin, individual hepatocytes displayed dose-dependent oscillations of [Ca2+]i similar to those observed in(More)
Transmission of cytosolic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]c) oscillations into the mitochondrial matrix is thought to be supported by local calcium control between IP3 receptor Ca2+ channels (IP3R) and mitochondria, but study of the coupling mechanisms has been difficult. We established a permeabilized cell model in which the Ca2+ coupling between endoplasmic reticulum (ER)(More)
The receptors for the second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) constitute a family of Ca2+ channels responsible for the mobilization of intracellular Ca2+ stores. Three different gene products (types I-III) have been isolated, encoding polypeptides which assemble as large tetrameric structures. Recent molecular studies have advanced our knowledge(More)
Activation of intracellular Ca2+ channels by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) represents the initial Ca2+ mobilization step in response to many extracellular signals. Here we report that Ins(1,4,5)P3-induced channel activation in permeabilized hepatocytes is followed by a time-dependent inactivation, which is a direct consequence of ligand(More)
Cellular oscillations of cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) have been observed in many cell types in response to cell surface receptor agonists acting through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3). In a number of cases where appropriate spatial and temporal resolution have been used to examine these [Ca2+]i oscillations, they have been found to be organized as(More)
Chronic ethanol consumption leads to a number of alterations in the contractile function of the heart and is a leading cause of cardiomyopathy. Ethanol also has an acute negative inotropic effect mediated by direct interaction with cardiac muscle cells, although this action is often masked by indirect actions resulting from enhanced release of(More)
Cytosolic Ca2+ signals are often organized in complex temporal and spatial patterns, even under conditions of sustained stimulation. In this review we discuss the mechanisms and physiological significance of this behavior in nonexcitable cells, in which the primary mechanism of Ca2+ mobilization is through (1,4,5)IP3-dependent Ca2+ release from(More)
Hormones and neurotransmitters that act through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) can induce oscillations of cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]c), which render dynamic regulation of intracellular targets. Imaging of fluorescent Ca2+ indicators located within intracellular Ca2+ stores was used to monitor IP3 receptor channel (IP3R) function and to demonstrate that(More)