Antti Tolvanen

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The influence of artificial wounding on biosynthesis of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids was studied in bilberry leaves using two separate wounding experiments. In the first experiment bilberry leaves were wounded by cutting. The expression of the first gene from flavonoid pathway, chalcone synthase (CHS) and a wound induced pathogenesis related PR-10(More)
We report tensile failure experiments on paper sheets. The acoustic emission energy and the waiting times between acoustic events follow power-law distributions. This remains true while the strain rate is varied by more than 2 orders of magnitude. The energy statistics has the exponent beta approximately 1.25+/-0.10 and the waiting times the exponent tau(More)
 Differences revealed by factor scores extracted by principal component analysis (PCA) from event-related potential (ERP) data of newborns with and without familial risk for dyslexia were examined and compared to results obtained by using original averaged ERPs. ERPs to consonant-vowel syllables (synthetic /ba/, /da/, /ga/; and natural /paa/, /taa/, /kaa/)(More)
The nucleation and growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes is observed in situ in a transmission electron microscope. Carbon atoms are implanted into catalytically active metal particles by electron-beam sputtering. The metal particles are then shaped with a focused electron beam. Once the particles have a region of high surface curvature, spontaneous(More)
The evergreen dwarf shrub lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) was subjected to microtine herbivory simulations to investigate its recovery in a boreal forest. Beside the control (A), the study included three levels of herbivory: clipping of half the annual branches from 50% of ramets (B), removal of 50% of ramets (C), and removal of 100% of ramets (D).(More)
Interfaces between the ends of single- or double-wall carbon nanotubes and metal crystals (Fe, Co, Pd, and Pt) are established by electron irradiation with nanometre precision at metal-nanotube contact areas. Calculations of the bonding energies at the metal-nanotube interfaces confirm that the formation of these covalent junctions is energetically(More)
The plastic behaviour of individual Cu crystallites under nanoextrusion is studied by molecular dynamics simulations. Single-crystal Cu fcc nanoparticles are embedded in a spherical force field mimicking the effect of a contracting carbon shell, inducing pressure on the system in the range of gigapascals. The material is extruded from a hole of 1.1-1.6 nm(More)
The effects of herbivory were simulated on stands of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in a boreal Empetrum-Myrtillus type forest. Five harvesting intensities were used (0% (A), 25% (B), 50% (C), 100% (D) of the bilberry ramets or all the ramets of all species (E)). Density and biomass of the stands, and growth of the ramets were monitored for five growth(More)
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