Antti Salminen

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The envelope of the Semliki Forest virus (SFV) contains two transmembrane proteins, E2 and E1, in a heterodimeric complex. The E2 subunit is initially synthesized as a precursor protein p62, which is proteolytically processed to the mature E2 form before virus budding at the plasma membrane. The p62 (E2) protein mediates binding of the heterodimer to the(More)
Recent results by us and others have shown that the accessory protein Vpu determines plasma membrane versus endosomal accumulation of the HIV-1 core protein Gag and progeny virions in the HeLa model of HIV-1 infection, since Vpu suppresses endocytosis of cell surface-associated Gag. In this report, we used pulse-chase studies and subcellular fractionations(More)
The alphavirus Semliki Forest (SFV) is an enveloped virus with a positive single-stranded RNA genome. The genome is complexed with 240 copies of a capsid protein into a nucleocapsid structure. In the membrane the virus carries an equal number of copies of a membrane protein heterodimer. The latter oligomers are grouped into clusters of three. These(More)
The prototype strain of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) of known sequence and virus produced by the cDNA clone derived from it were lethal following intranasal (i.n.) infection of 40-day-old and intraperitoneal (i.p.) infection of pregnant BALB/c mice; this lethality was related to neuronal necrosis in the central nervous system (CNS). We conclude that the(More)
The YF//gene encodes a raslike, GTPbinding protein that is essential for growth of yeast cells. We show here that mutations in the yptl gene disrupt transport of carboxypeptidase Y to the vacuole in vivo and transport of pro-et-factor to a site of extensive glycosylation in the Golgi apparatus in vitro. Two different yptl mutations result in loss of(More)
Assembly of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is directed by the viral core protein Pr55gag. Depending on the cell type, Pr55gag accumulates either at the plasma membrane or on late endosomes/multivesicular bodies. Intracellular localization of Pr55gag determines the site of virus assembly, but molecular mechanisms that define cell surface or(More)
This paper presents a novel system for the automatic analysis of a hybrid welding process. High-speed imaging and laser illumination are used to measure the regularity of electric arc frequency and flight directions of filler metal droplets. A fuzzy c-means clustering method is used to detect arcs and segment the video sequences. The droplets are localized(More)
Adenocarcinoma of the paraurethral gland is a rare tumour with no published prevalence in male patients. This report presents a case of bulbourethral gland adenocarcinoma in a 25-year-old man without comorbidities. After resection of the proximal urethra, sphincter and prostate, Mitrofanoff-type appendicovesicostomy was performed. In this case, chemotherapy(More)
Online monitoring and closed-loop control of laser welding offer great possibilities for achieving better weld quality. Earlier work on visual laser welding monitoring has mainly focused on aluminum and fairly thin steel used, for example, in car production. We extend this work by focusing on the automated analysis of the phenomena present in the laser(More)
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