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BACKGROUND Rupture in the shoulder region of a coronary atheroma is considered to be a sequel to local extracellular matrix degradation in this highly vulnerable site. Such degradation could be triggered by mast cells, which are filled with neutral proteases and are present in coronary atheromas. However, the distribution and phenotype of mast cells within(More)
Biochemical studies in vitro have demonstrated that stimulated mast cells induce macrophage foam cell formation through the synergistic action of mast cell granule neutral proteases and proteoglycans. To determine the presence and number of mast cells in human arterial intima, the site of atherogenesis, specimens of normal and atherosclerotic human aortic(More)
BACKGROUND Mast cells, a cell type involved in inflammatory reactions, are present in coronary atheromas and localize to the erosion or rupture site of atheromas in myocardial infarction. Here we report the presence of TNF-alpha, a proinflammatory cytokine, in mast cells of human coronary atheromas. METHODS AND RESULTS From samples of 37 coronary arteries(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to corroborate the observed association between the deletion/deletion (DD) genotype of the insertion/deletion polymorphism in the alpha(2B)-adrenoceptor (AR) and increased risk for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and to study whether this genotype also confers an increased risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD). BACKGROUND Vasospasm(More)
BACKGROUND Although many heavy alcohol users have subclinical alcoholic heart muscle disease, only a very few develop severe dilated cardiomyopathy. Therefore, and because cardiac abnormalities correlate only weakly with the duration or quantity of drinking, individual susceptibility differences may exist. In this work we examined whether common gene(More)
BACKGROUND The number of activated mast cells is increased in the adventitia of coronary segments with plaque rupture and in spastic atherosclerotic coronary segments. Neurogenic activation of mast cells has been demonstrated previously in other tissues. Here we identified and quantified contacts between mast cells and nerves in the adventitia of normal and(More)
Mast cells have been assigned a role in neovascularization. Therefore, we examined the deep regions of human coronary atheromas, the areas known to be prone to neovascularization, for the presence of mast cells. Specimens of atherosclerotic human coronary intima from 37 autopsy cases with ages of 24-84 years were stained with elastica-van Gieson to detect(More)
Postmortem angiography was used as a diagnostic tool to rule out surgical malpractice in 227 medicolegal autopsies following postoperative deaths in Finland. Of the cases, 111 involved neurosurgical patients or patients undergoing operations on the carotid arteries, 62 involved coronary bypass patients, and 54 patients died following abdominal surgery. A(More)
Environmental factors are suspected to be responsible in part for the deterioration in semen quality observed worldwide during the recent few decades. Alcohol might be one factor, considering the frequent changes in testicular function associated with heavy drinking. The dose-dependent effects of alcohol on human spermatogenesis are, however, not well(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether the alcohol biomarkers CDT, GGT, the biomarker gamma-CDT index and previous drunken driving contributed significantly to the prediction of DUI recidivism. The subjects consisted of two different samples of drivers, viz. drivers who were found to have a positive breath alcohol concentration during random(More)