Antti-Pekka Hyvärinen

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Nucleation is a fundamental step in atmospheric new-particle formation. However, laboratory experiments on nucleation have systematically failed to demonstrate sulfuric acid particle formation rates as high as those necessary to account for ambient atmospheric concentrations, and the role of sulfuric acid in atmospheric nucleation has remained a mystery.(More)
The surface tension of adipic aqueous solutions was measured as a function of temperature (T=278-313 K) and adipic acid mole fraction (X=0.000-0.003) using the Wilhelmy plate method. A parametrization fitted to these data is presented. The evaporation rates of binary water-malonic and water-adipic acid droplets were measured with a TDMA technique at(More)
Homogeneous nucleation rate isotherms of n-butanol+helium were measured in a laminar flow diffusion chamber at total pressures ranging from 50 to 210 kPa to investigate the effect of carrier gas pressure on nucleation. Nucleation temperatures ranged from 265 to 280 K and the measured nucleation rates were between 10(2) and 10(6) cm(-3) s(-1). The measured(More)
This work is an assessment of the capabilities of the FLUENT-FPM software package to simulate actual nucleation experiments. In the first step, we verified the FPM condensation routine with the NEWALC code. Next, homogeneous nucleation of n-butanol, n-pentanol, and n-hexanol in a laminar flow diffusion chamber (LFDC) was simulated and the results were(More)
Isothermal homogeneous nucleation rates of 1-butanol were measured both in a thermal diffusion cloud chamber and in a laminar flow diffusion chamber built recently at the Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic. The chosen system 1-butanol-helium can be studied reasonably well in both(More)
The influence of the pressure of a chemically inert carrier gas on the nucleation rate is one of the biggest puzzles in the research of gas-liquid nucleation. Experiments can show a positive effect, a negative effect, or no effect at all. The same experiment may show both trends for the same substance depending on temperature, or for different substances at(More)
Homogeneous nucleation rates of water at temperatures between 240 and 270 K were measured in a laminar flow diffusion chamber at ambient pressure and helium as carrier gas. Being in the range of 10(2)-10(6) cm(-3) s(-1), the experimental results extend the nucleation rate data from literature consistently and fill a pre-existing gap. Using the macroscopic(More)
Nucleation rates of n-propanol were investigated in the Laminar Flow Diffusion Chamber. Nucleation temperatures between 270 and 300 K and rates between 10(0) and 10(6) cm(-3) s(-1) were achieved. Since earlier measurements of n-butanol and n‑pentanol suggest a dependence of nucleation rates on carrier gas pressure, similar conditions were adjusted for these(More)
Nucleation rate isotherms of n-butanol, n-pentanol, n-hexanol, n-heptanol, and n-octanol were measured in a laminar flow diffusion chamber using helium as carrier gas. The measurements were made at 250-310 K, corresponding to reduced temperatures of 0.43-0.50, and at atmospheric pressure. Experimental nucleation rate range was from 10(3) to 10(7) cm(-3)(More)
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