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STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. OBJECTIVES To study the relation of low back pain (LBP) to disc degeneration in the lumbar spine. BACKGROUND DATA Controversy still prevails about the relationship between disc degeneration and LBP. Classification of disc degeneration and symptoms varies, hampering comparison of study(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between overweight and lumbar disc degeneration. DESIGN Population-based 4-y follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. SUBJECTS The subjects were 129 working middle-aged men selected to the baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study from a cohort of 1832 men representing three occupations: machine drivers,(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging of the lower extremities was performed with a low field system in 51 patients representing three different categories of biopsy-proven primary skeletal muscle disease; muscular dystrophies, congenital myopathies and polymyositis. The intermuscular distribution of abnormal signal intensity and the grade of involvement of individual(More)
Computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US) and low field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of muscles were performed in 13 patients of a large family with two clinically separate phenotypes of muscular dystrophy. Five patients had severe proximal muscle weakness and wasting like in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Imaging methods showed loss of muscle(More)
A slowly progressive myopathy was discovered in a family in four successive generations. Eight patients (four female, four male) from three generations were examined and they showed muscle weakness affecting predominantly proximal, but also distal, muscles. Two patients had unequivocal findings in childhood, the others showed myopathy in their twenties or(More)
We have been following clinically and with muscle MRI for the past 3-decades a Finnish family with two patients with distal muscular dystrophy. Previously we demonstrated the cellular defect in these patients to be defective membrane repair and more recently have identified the causative gene to be anoctamin 5 (ANO5). The disorder seen in these patients is(More)
Thirty patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized to receive 30% oxygen by mask either with an ambient airway pressure or with 7.4 mmHg (1 kPa) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for 8 h after extubation. Arterial blood oxygen tension (PaO2) decreased remarkably in the control group after extubation (from 19.2 +/- 5.3 kPa(More)
INTRODUCTION Adult hypophosphatasia (HPP) is characterized by low serum alkaline phosphatase (S-ALP) and poorly healing fractures due to ALPL gene mutations. Increased S-ALP and fracture repair were reported in two patients treated with teriparatide, PTH 1-34. The effects of full-length PTH 1-84 have not been studied. METHODS Two 56- and 64-yr-old sisters(More)
T1 rho dispersion, or the frequency dependence of T1 relaxation in the rotating frame, was used for in vivo muscle tissue characterization in 13 patients with primary skeletal muscle disease and in eight normal subjects for comparison. T1 rho dispersion measurements represent a new approach to magnetic resonance tissue characterization, possibly reflecting(More)