Learn More
Both strength and endurance training have several positive effects on aging muscle and physical performance of middle-aged and older adults, but their combination may compromise optimal adaptation. This study examined the possible interference of combined strength and endurance training on neuromuscular performance and skeletal muscle hypertrophy in(More)
PURPOSE A combination of endurance and strength training is generally used to seek further health benefits or enhanced physical performance in older adults compared with either of the training modes alone. The mean change within a training group, however, may conceal a wide range of individual differences in the responses. The purpose, therefore, was to(More)
The aim of this study was to examine effects of 21-week twice weekly strength (ST), endurance (ET) and combined (ST + ET 2 + 2 times a week) (SET) training on neuromuscular, endurance and walking performances as well as balance. 108 healthy men (56.3 ± 9.9 years) were divided into three training (ST; n = 30, ET; n = 26, SET; n = 31) groups and controls (C n(More)
This study was aimed at investigating the effects of a 21-week period of progressive strength or endurance training on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) antioxidant enzyme gene expression and activity in healthy middle-aged untrained men. Strength (n=11) and endurance (n=12) training were performed twice a week, including resistance exercises to(More)
This paper explores performance measurement in incentive plans. Based on theory, we argue that differences in the nature of jobs between blue-and white-collar employees lead to differences in incentive systems. We find that performance measurement for white-collar workers is broader in terms of the performance measures, the organizational level of(More)
We investigate the impact of adopting an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system on performance changes and employee outcomes in a retail chain. We find that: (i) sales and inventory turnover initially drop by 7 % and recover in 6-12 months; (ii) inventory turnover recovers more quickly for establishments that adopt ERP later; (iii) employee outcomes,(More)
Comments from Antti Kauhanen and Petri Rouvinen have helped to improve the paper. Hyytinen gratefully acknowledges the financial support provided by the National Technology Agency of Finland (Tekes, project 579/31/03) and Ilmakunnas support by Academy of Finland (project 50950). ABSTRACT: In this paper we study the labour market behavior of employed(More)
In this paper we address the question what determines to whom stock option plans are targeted. We develop a hypothesis that firms with high market values per employees should find it cheaper to provide equity compensation to their employees. This argument predicts that the use of stock option compensation correlates with general stock market development. In(More)
  • 1