Antti Kaipia

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In the intracellular death program, hetero- and homodimerization of different anti- and pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-related proteins are critical in the determination of cell fate. From a rat ovarian fusion cDNA library, we isolated a new pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 gene, Bcl-2-related ovarian killer (Bok). Bok had conserved Bcl-2 homology (BH) domains 1, 2, and 3 and a(More)
The majority of ovarian follicles undergo atresia, a hormonally controlled apoptotic process. Monitoring apoptotic DNA fragmentation provides a quantitative and sensitive endpoint to study the hormonal regulation of atresia in ovarian follicles. During follicle development, gonadotropins, together with local ovarian growth factors (IGF-I, EGF/TGF-alpha,(More)
Apoptosis and survival of diverse cell types are under hormonal control, but intracellular mechanisms regulating cell death are unclear. The Bcl-2/Ced-9 family of proteins contains conserved Bcl-2 homology regions that mediate the formation of homo- or heterodimers important for enhancing or suppressing apoptosis. Unlike most other members of the Bcl-2(More)
The expression of inhibin beta A and beta B subunits, follistatin, and activin-A receptor messenger RNA (mRNAs) in different stages of rat seminiferous epithelial cycle was analyzed by in situ hybridization in order to understand their role in the regulation of spermatogenesis. Inhibin beta A mRNA was expressed in Sertoli cells in a highly stage-specific(More)
Endocrine therapy by castration or anti-androgens is the gold standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer. Although it has been used for decades, the molecular consequences of androgen deprivation are incompletely known and biomarkers of its resistance are lacking. In this study, we studied the molecular mechanisms of hormonal therapy by comparing the(More)
The effect of recombinant bovine activin-A on DNA synthesis in fetal rat gonads and mesonephroi was studied in vitro by using [3H]thymidine autoradiography to evaluate the role of activin in the regulation of gonadal development. mRNA levels of inhibin-beta A and -beta B, activin receptor II and IIB (ActRII and ActRIIB), and follistatin were studied by(More)
Imprinted genes are expressed from a single allele due to differential methylation of maternal or paternal alleles during gametogenesis. Dnmt3L (DNA cytosine-5-methyltransferase 3 like), a member of de novo methyltransferase Dnmt3 protein family, is a regulator of maternal imprinting. In the present study, we have characterized the promoter region of the(More)
The expression of mRNAs for a transition protein (TP1) and two variants of protamines (P1 and P2) during rat and mouse spermiogenesis was investigated using cDNA hybridization techniques. Slot-blot analyses from 1-mm segments of seminiferous tubules and in situ hybridization from testis sections showed that the levels of mRNA for TP1 increased in step-7(More)
BACKGROUND Although endocrine therapy has been used for decades, its influence on the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in clinical tissue specimens has not been analyzed. Moreover, the effects of the TMPRSS2:ERG fusion on the expression of miRNAs in hormone naïve and endocrine-treated prostate cancers are poorly understood. METHODS We used clinical(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of the pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of dynamic contrast enhanced (CE)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the detection of testicular ischemia and its ability to differentiate testicle torsion from other causes of acute scrotum. MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventeen boys or young men with an acute scrotum were included(More)