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Dent disease is an X-linked renal proximal tubulopathy associated with mutations in the chloride channel gene CLCN5. Lowe syndrome, a multisystem disease characterized by renal tubulopathy, congenital cataracts, and mental retardation, is associated with mutations in the gene OCRL1, which encodes a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))(More)
Aberrant protein processing with tissue deposition is associated with many common neurodegenerative disorders; however, the complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors has made it difficult to decipher the sequence of events linking protein aggregation with clinical disease. Substantial progress has been made toward understanding the(More)
The tom element, putatively associated with optic morphology (Om) mutations in Drosophila ananassae, was identified as a retrovirus-like transposable element. The tom element was found to terminate with 475 (or 474) base pair direct repeats which are identical in sequence to each other. Southern blot and heteroduplex analyses showed the tom element to have(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Dent disease is an X-linked renal proximal tubulopathy associated with mutations in CLCN5 (Dent 1) or OCRL1 (Dent 2). OCRL1 mutations also cause the oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe. METHODS Dent patients with normal sequence for CLCN5 were sequenced for mutations in OCRL1. By analyzing these and all other OCRL1 mutations reported, a(More)
Over 100 mutations in the presenilin-1 gene (PSEN1) have been shown to result in familial early onset Alzheimer disease (EOAD), but only a relatively few give rise to plaques with an appearance like cotton wool (CWP) and/or spastic paraparesis (SP). A family with EOAD, seizures and CWP was investigated by neuropathological study and DNA sequencing of the(More)
We report on a new familial neurodegenerative disease with associated dementia that has presented clinically in the fifth decade, in both genders, and in each of several generations of a large family from New York State-a pattern of inheritance consistent with an autosomal dominant mode of transmission. A key pathological finding is the presence of neuronal(More)
Linkage mapping in a three-generation family with a distal arthrogryposis (DA) phenotype intermediate between DA2A and DA1 indicated linkage to 11p15.5 but not 9p13. Follow up DNA sequencing of the TNNI2 gene detected a three base pair deletion that would be predicted to result in the deletion of a glutamic acid at codon position 167 (DeltaE167). This(More)
A minority of the reported cases of terminal 2q37 deletion clinically resemble Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO)/pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism and have only mild-to-moderate mental retardation. Our molecular and cytogenetic fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) findings on an additional three patients further reduce the size of the minimal(More)
BACKGROUND The aggregation of specific proteins is a common feature of the familial dementias, but whether the formation of neuronal inclusion bodies is a causative or incidental factor in the disease is not known. To clarify this issue, we investigated five families with typical neuroserpin inclusion bodies but with various neurological manifestations. (More)