Antony R Chadderton

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Paclitaxel (Taxol®) kills tumor cells by inducing both cellular necrosis and apoptosis. A major impediment to paclitaxel cytotoxicity is the establishment of multidrug resistance whereby exposure to one chemotherapeutic agent results in cross-resistance to a wide variety of other drugs. For example, selection of MCF-7 breast cancer cells for resistance to(More)
The drug transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) appears to play an important role in the ability of tumor cells to evade killing by chemotherapeutic agents. Using pharmacological inhibitors of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), it has been suggested that, similar to rodent model systems, the human P-gp gene (MDR1) is also under PKA-dependent control and that(More)
Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1(PDK1) is a master regulator of the AGC family of kinases and an integral component of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. As this pathway is among the most commonly deregulated across all cancers, a selective inhibitor of PDK1 might have utility as an anticancer agent. Herein we describe our lead optimization of compound 1(More)
Leukemia cell lines were treated with eltrombopag or thrombopoietin and their proliferative response was determined. Eltrombopag did not increase proliferation of cell lines that did not express high levels of megakaryocyte markers. Instead, treatment with eltrombopag alone inhibited proliferation of many cell lines (IC(50) range=0.56-21 microg/mL). The(More)
BACKGROUND In relative gene expression analysis, a reference gene for sample normalization is required for determining target expression changes among experimental treatment groups. Since some developmental toxicants secondarily cause general growth retardation and/or other general biological changes, commonly used housekeeping genes may not serve as(More)
Mass spectrometric analysis of gas exchange in light and dark by N-limited cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii indicated that ammonium assimilation was accompanied by an increase in respiratory carbon flow to provide carbon skeletons for amino acid synthesis. Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle carbon flow was maintained by the oxidation of TCA cycle reductant(More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonists represent a new approach for the treatment of thrombocytopenia, which may develop as a consequence of immune thrombocytopenia, chemotherapy treatment, chronic hepatitis C infection, or myelodysplastic syndromes. There are concerns that use of certain growth factors can hasten disease progression in some types of(More)
High-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and autologous bone marrow/blood stem cell transplantation are an effective combination for treating a number of malignant disorders. The contamination of the autograft by malignant cells may be a reason for recurrences in spite of this treatment, for instance, in multiple myeloma. Therefore, we evaluated the use of(More)
BACKGROUND SB-236057 is a potent skeletal teratogen in rodents and rabbits, producing axial and posterior somite malformations in cultured rat embryos. The compound shares some structural similarity to cyclopamine. METHODS M13 phage display was used to identify amino acid motifs with binding affinity to SB-236057. A 10 microM SB-236057 solution was(More)
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